Stamford, Connecticut – A Bibliography – W

Bibliography Items:
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Index: 0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | HI | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ
Refers to the index of names and subjects covered by individual bibliography items.


  1. Wachter, Walter A. “Central traffic distributor.” American City. 1959 Apr; Vol. 74 (No. 4) p. 109; ISSN: 0002-7936.
Notes: Published by Buttenheim Publishing Corporation, [etc.], Pittsfield, Massachusetts, [etc.].     
Location: Ct, CtB, CtFaU, CtNb, CtNbC, CtU.           White (p. 5).
Report on the Stamford Planning Board’s optional plan which included, among many suggestions, an inner city loop for distributing traffic, additional parking for downtown and a central government facility in which all municipal departments are to be housed in one building.
  2. — “Stamford plans a balanced growth.” American City. 1955 Sep; Vol. 70 (No. 9) pp. 156-157, 204; ISSN: 0002-7936.
Notes: Published by Buttenheim Publishing Corporation, [etc.], Pittsfield, Massachusetts, [etc.].     
Location: Ct, CtB, CtFaU, CtH, CtNb, CtNbC, CtNlC, CtU.         White (p. 5).
Summary of Stamford’s present redevelopment and planning activities, with some assessment of plans for subsequent years.
  3. Wagner, Norman W. “Sewage and refuse handling combined.” American City. 1944 Nov; Vol. 59 (No. 11) pp. 59-61; ISSN: 0002-7936.
Notes: Published by Buttenheim Publishing Corporation, [etc.], Pittsfield, Massachusetts, [etc.].       Includes exterior and interior photographs of the Stamford, Connecticut sewage treatment plant.
Location: CtU, DLC, MB, MH. 
Includes a brief history of the sewage treatment plant and garbage incinerator in Stamford. Both facilities became totally inadequate as the city’s population increased. The city began rebuilding them in 1941.
  4. — “Stamford supercharges its incinerator.” American City. 1955 Aug; Vol. 70 (No. 8) p. 94; ISSN: 0002-7936.
Notes: Published by Buttenheim Publishing Corporation, [etc.], Pittsfield, Massachusetts, [etc.].
Location: CtU, DLC, MB, MH.
Stamford began operating an incinerator as a means of garbage disposal in 1924. The plant was extensively rebuilt in 1941. However, increases in population, industries and offices resulted in a large backlog of unprocessed waste materials. To alleviate this situation, Stamford upgraded the existing incinerator by installing mechanical stokers.
  5. Walton, Alfred Grant. Stamford historical sketches. Stamford, Connecticut; 1922; 100 pp., illus, published in both hard and paper covers; includes list of “Interesting Dates In Stamford’s History,” 21 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “STAMFORD / HISTORICAL / SKETCHES / BY / ALFRED GRANT WALTON”     Imprint on reverse of title reads: “Copyright 1922 / BY ALFRED GRANT WALTON /     / CUNNINGHAM PRESS / STAMFORD, CONN.” 
Location: CLU, Ct, CtB, CtDabN, CtDar, CtGre, CtHi, CtNc, CtOg, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtWill, CtY, DLC, IHi, Infw, MnHi, MoS, MWA, NBPu, NHi, ViU, ViW.     Kaminkow (p. 706).   Parks (No. 8628).
  6. Warburton, William Bishop of Gloucester. A sermon [on Revelation 10 : 11] preached before the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts: at their anniversary meeting in the parish church of St. Mary-le-Bow, on Friday, February 21, 1766. London: Printed by E. Owen and T. Harrison; 1766; 32, 68 pp., 1 l., paper covers, 23 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A / SERMON / Preached before the / Incorporated SOCIETY / FOR THE / Propagation of the Gospel in / Foreign Parts; / AT THEIR / ANNIVERSARY MEETING / IN THE / Parish Church of ST. MARY-LE-BOW, / On FRIDAY February 21, 1766. / – / By the Right Reverend Father in GOD, / WILLIAM Lord Bishop of GLOCESTER. / – / – / LONDON: / Printed by E. OWEN and T. HARRISON in / Warwick-Lane. / – / MDCCLXVI [1766].”
Location: CtHT, CtSoP, DLC.
Includes “An abstract of the charter and of the Proceedings of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts” has running title: “An abstract of the Proceedings of the Society.”
For additional information on Ebenezer Dibble and his letter of April 1, 1765, see: Kenneth Walter Cameron The Church of England in pre-Revolutionary Connecticut: new documents and letters concerning the loyalist clergy and the plight of their surviving church. Hartford [1976], leave 132. 
Abstract: “The Rev. Mr. Dibblee, the Society’s Missionary at Stamford in Connecticut, in his Letter dated April 3, 1765, writes that Mr. St. George Talbot has not only made them a Present of a fine Bell, and of a Silver Tankard and Salver for the Holy Communion; but added to the Glebe 4 Acres of choice Land joining to it, with 18 more at a small Distnce, all nearly contiguous to the Church. The Purchase is made out of Mr. Talbot’s Benefaction of 600 £. and by Deed, on public Record, made over to the Society in Trust for the Use of the Minister of the Church for ever. The Heads of Families, Professors of the Church of England, in this Mission, are 186, the Number of actual Communicants 62, and of Infants baptized the preceding Half Year 33.”   An abstract of the Proceedings of the Society, pp. 21-22.
  7. Waring, George E. (George Edwin). Sewerage and land-drainage. New York, D. Van Nostrand Company; London, E. & F. N. Spon; 1889; 406 pp., illus., 31 pl., maps, 33 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “SEWERAGE / AND / LAND = DRAINAGE. /    / – /     / BY / GEORGE E. WARING, JR., / Honorary Member of the Royal Institute of Engineers (Holland) ; Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers (England) : / Fellow of the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain ; Corresponding Member of the American Institute of Architects. /     / – /     / NEW YORK: / D. VAN NOSTRAND COMPANY. / LONDON: / E. & F. N. SPON. / – / 1889″
 Includes : map “Sewerage of Stamford, Conn., Double System, 1885” plate IX; “Stamford, Conn., Plan and Vertical Section of Pumping Station, With Details of Storm-Water Inlets, and Method of Repairing Brick Sewer” plate IX B., and “An ordinance fixing and regulating the use of sewers by private individuals in the Borough of Stamford”, pp. 214-217.             
Location: CtY, CU, DLC, DNLM, ICJ, IdU, KU, MB, MH, MiU, Nh, NIC, NjP, NN, OCU, OO, OU, PP, PU, WaS.
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 42, 150-154, 214-217.
For additional information on George E. Waring, Jr., see: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 10, pp. 456-457.
For additional information on the issue of sewerage in Stamford, see: Estelle F. Feinstein, Stamford in the Gilded Age : The Political Life of a Connecticut Town 1868-1893. (1973), pp. 162-185. 
Abstract: “The sewerage of Stamford (plate IX.) is, to a considerable extent, on what may be called the double system. A large part of the area is low and the conformation is such as to lead to the accumulation of storm-water at a number of different points. A considerable amount of rough surface-sewerage work had been done from time to time, and wooden drains, stone drains and here and there a pipe drain were found as the work progressed. One portion of the area is pretty nearly down to tide-water. This was seriously affected by all heavy rains. The storm-water system, as constructed, is a gravity system which delivers at points where it would be improper to deliver foul sewage. In fact, no point for the proper delivery of this by gravity could be found. The combined system was therefore entirely out of the question, and the separate system with pumping outlet was adopted. …………. The foul system delivers by two main lines into a pumping-well at a depth of 13 feet below ordinary high tide. The mean range of tide is from 9 feet to 16 1/2 feet above datum. Extreme tides run 3 feet lower and considerably higher. The sewage is pumped from the well by three ten-inch pumps, each driven by a spur-geared connection with an Otto gas-engine. The pumps deliver into a stand-pipe from which a twelve-inch outlet, consisting of 5,981 feet of vitrified pipe and 1,200 feet of cast-iron pipe, is carried in a direct line across a salt marsh, discharging on the floor of the Sound about 900 feet beyond ordinary low-water mark and 300 feet beyond extreme low water.”   George E. Waring, Jr., p. 152.
  8. Washington, George. The diaries of George Washington 1748-1799. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company; 1925; 4 vols., 23 cm. (John C. Fitzpatrick, editor). 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE DIARIES OF / GEORGE WASHINGTON / 1748 – 1799 / EDITED BY / JOHN C. FITZPATRICK, A.M. / VOLUME 4 [total of 4 volumes] /     / [cut of the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association of the Union’s insignia] /     / PUBLISHED FOR / THE MOUNT VERNON LADIES’ ASSOCIATION OF THE UNION / HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY / Boston and New York / 1925”   
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: Vol. 4, pp. 22-24.
Location: Ct, CtNowi, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtU, CtY, DI, DLC, FMU, IdPI, IdU, MB, MBAt, MH, MH-A, MiU-C, MtU, MWA, NcD, NcU, NN, NNJ, NSyU, OClW, Or, OrCS, OrP, OrPR, OrSaW, OrU, PHC, PPAmP, PSC, RPJCB, TU, TxU, UU, WHi, WaS, WaSp.           Matthews (p. 50).                                                                           Matthews (p. 50) states, “This edition supersedes the myriad earlier editions of separate journals and parts of journals; on pp. xv-xviii, Mr. Fitzpatrick gives a complete list of the different journals and diaries with notes of their principal contents.”
The original manuscript of “Diaries of George Washington” 1789, October 1 – 1790, March 10, is in the collections of the Detroit Public Library, Detroit, Michigan.
Abstract: “Friday, 16th (October 1789). About 7 o’clock we left the Widow Haviland’s and after passing Horse Neck, six miles distant from Rye, the Road through which is hilly and immensely stoney, and trying to Wheels and Carriages, we breakfasted at Stamford, which is 6 miles further, (at one Webb’s) a tolerable good house, but not equal in appearance or reality to Mrs. Haviland’s. In this Town are an Episcopal Church and a meeting house.” George Washington, Vol. 4, p. 22.                                           Saturday, 17th (October 1789). …… From the Ferry it is abt. 3 miles to Milford, which is situated in more uneven and stony grd. than the 3 last villages through wch. we passed. In this place there is but one Church, or in other words, but one steeple – but there are Grist and Saw mills, and a handsome Cascade over the Tumbling dam; but one of the prettiest things of this kind is at Stamford, occasioned also by daming the water for their mills; it is near 100 yds. in width, and the water now being of a proper height, and the rays of the sun striking upon it as we passed, had a pretty effect upon the foaming water as it fell.” George Washington, Vol. 4, pp. 23-24.
  9. Webb, Sara Mead. “Reflections of Stamford at the century’s turn.” Fairfield County. 1968 Aug; Vol. 15:7 (No. 347) pp. 29-30; ISSN: 0192-8694.
Notes: Published by Mark Publications, Inc., Westport, Connecticut.
Location: Ct, CtHi, CtSHi.
”Special Stamford Issue”     Cover photograph shows the Ferguson Library.
For additional information on Sara Mead Webb (1886-1980), see: Advocate, July 10, 1976, editorial / Advocate, April 24, 1980, obituary. 
In this article, the author evokes certain highpoints of her childhood in Stamford, including attending the Center Grammar School, observing fire horses during their morning drill at the Luther Street Fire Station, ice skating on Mill River, horse drawn sleigh rides on Washington Avenue and Memorial Day observances. In her teens she rode her pony downtown and around the old race track in Woodside [now Scalzi] Park, as well as bicycling. Summer activities included shopping trips to New York City aboard the steamer ‘Shady Side’, taking a trolley to Shippan and to the Cove where they would picnic at ‘Pound Rocks’, and swim in Long Island Sound.
  10. Webber, Sara Perez. “Stamford’s new E-conomy: With a growing number of high-tech firms, the city is emerging as an e-center.” Living in Stamford. 2000 Oct; Vol. 2 (No. 5) pp. 32-42; ISSN: 1524-6183.
Notes: Published by Living In Stamford, Stamford, Connecticut.
Location: CtSHi.
Abstract: “Although there doesn’t seem to be an industry association that ranks geographical areas according to how many dot-coms it has, Stephen MacKenzie, Stamford’s director of economic development, believes Fairfield County to be one of the top five e-centers in the country. The dot-com deluge is so new, however, that it’s not really quantifiable, experts say.

”Only in the last year has there been this rapid growth in Internet companies, and a lot of people outside this area don’t realize what an e-center this is,” says [Mark] Pruner. “That’s one of the things we’re working on.”

Pruner has counted about 800 dot-coms in Fairfield County, and estimates that 200 of those are in Stamford alone.

”I’d say anywhere from a third to half of the companies aren’t even listed in the phone book,” says Pruner. “Dozens are being created every month. People are leaving traditional brick-and-mortar companies and starting up Internet companies.”     Sara Perez Webber, pp. 33-34.   (Copyright 2000 by Living In Stamford. Reproduced with permission.)
  11. Webster, Noah. A brief history of epidemic and pestilential diseases with the principal phenomena of the physical world, which precede and accompany them, and observations deduced from the facts stated. Hartford, (Connecticut): Printed by Hudson & Goodwin; 1799; 2 vols., 22 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A BRIEF / HISTORY / OF / EPIDEMIC AND PESTILENTIAL DISEASES; / WITH THE / PRINCIPAL PHENOMENA OF THE PHYSICAL / WORLD, WHICH PRECEDE AND AC- / COMPANY THEM, / AND / OBSERVATIONS DEDUCTED FROM THE / FACTS STATED. / IN TWO VOLUMES. /     –     / BY NOAH WEBSTER, / Author of Dissertations on the English Language and several other / Works – Member of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences / – of the Society for the Promotion of Agriculture, Arts and Man- / ufactures, in the State of New-York – of the American Academy / of Arts and Sciences, and corresponding Member of the Histori- / cal Society in Massachusetts. /   –   / VOL. I. [II.] / [printers’ ornament] / HARTFORD : / PRINTED BY HUDSON & GOODWIN. / 1799. / [PUBLISHED ACCORDING TO ACT OF CONGRESS.]”                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Location: ArLUA, AzTeS, AzU, CLS, CtY, CtY-M, CU-A, CU-S, DLC, DNLM, FTS, GASU, GEU, GU, I, IaAS, IaU, ICarbS, ICIU, KyU, LNT, MA, MBCo, MHi, Mi, MiDW, MWA, NbU, NcD, NcWsW, NFQC, NHemH, NjP, NN, NNNAM, NRU, Oc, OKentU, PPiU, ScU, TxLT, ViU, WMUW.       Sabin (No. 102341).       Evans (No. 36687).       Collier (p. 220).
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: Vol. 1, pp. 239, 319-320.
Abstract: “In this year [1745], the town of Stamford in Connecticut was severely distressed by a malignant dysentery, which swept away seventy inhabitants out of a few hundreds. The disease was confined to one street.”   Noah Webster, Vol. 1, Section 7, p. 239.
”In August 1797 appeared a comet, which, according to calculations of astronomers, passed near the earth, altho it was of small apparent magnitude, and seen by few people.

The influence of this species of bodies in occasioning great tides, and violent storms, has been already mentioned, and of that influence, in the present instance, I was a witness. In 1797 my residence was, as it had been the preceding year, on a height of York Island near Corlaner’s Hook to the northward of which is a flat, which is never covered with water by a common tide, but is overspread by spring tides, or any unusual swell in consequence of easterly winds. I observed, as early as the last week in May, high tides were unusually frequent and the swell extraordinary. In the city of New-York, the same fact was observable; and the inhabitants about Beekman slip will recollect how often the wharves and street were covered with water. These tides were not to be accounted for, on any known principles of lunar influence, and I frequently mentioned the phenomenon to my friends, but without suspecting the cause. The same phenomenon was noticed at other places. In Norfolk, the epidemic fever was, in part, ascribed to unusual tides; as I was afterwards informed. On the Delaware, the overflowing of the low lands, below Philadelphia, was extraordinary, and some physicians ascribe to this cause the yellow fever, which swept away most of a family by the name of Whitall.

I was lately mentioning these events to a respectable gentleman in Stamford, * [* The Hon. John Davenport, now representative in Congress.] who instantly recollected a fact which confirms the foregoing account. He remarked that the common practice in that town, is to mow the salt meadows, at the quadratures of the moon, on account of small tides; but in 1797, the calculations failed, and the people were much troubled to collect their hay, on account of high tides – a circumstance that was very surprising to him at the time, but he did not advert to the probable cause. This was in August; about the time that the comet was first observed. The fact then of the influence of comets, in raising the waters of the ocean, is well established; and the appearance of a comet in autumn explained the phenomena of the tides to my satisfaction.” Noah Webster, Vol. 1, Section 8, pp. 319-320.
  12. Weed, Joseph. Recollections of a good man, Nathan Weed. of Stamford, Connecticut. – born September 17, 1760. died October 19, 1819. – by his son, Joseph Weed, of San Francisco, California. January, 1880. San Francisco, California: A. M. Slocum, Book And Job Printer; 1880; 17 pp., paper covers, 20 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “RECOLLECTIONS / OF / A GOOD MAN, / OF / STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT. /   –   / BORN SEPTEMBER 17, 1760. DIED OCTOBER 19, 1819. /   –   / BY HIS SON, / JOSEPH WEED, / Of San Francisco, California. / JANUARY, 1880. /   –   / SAN FRANCISCO: / A. M. SLOCUM, BOOK AND JOB PRINTER, 612 CLAY STREET. / 1880.”
Location: CtS, CU-BANC.
Abstract: “In writing the imperfect recollections of my good father, NATHAN WEED, it suggested itself to me that it would be interesting to his descendants to trace back his and their ancestry as far as possible. In doing this I find but a meager account of their history, but did, definitely ascertain that eleven years after the landing of the Pilgrims the first of the name was an inhabitant of Connecticut; that ten years after, he, with others, were the first settlers in Stamford, where a large number of his descendants still reside.”   Joseph Weed, pp. 3.
  13. Weed, Samuel Richards. In honor of a patriot; address in the Darien Congregational Church in commemoration of the centennial anniversary of the death of Rev. Moses Mather, D.D., September 30, 1906. (Darien?, Connecticut); 1906; 10 pp., paper covers, 23 cm. 
Notes: Title on cover reads: “In Honor of a Patriot / = / Address in the Darien Congregational / Church in Commemoration of the Cen- / tennial Anniversary of the Death / of Rev. Moses Mather, D.D. /       /   —   / September 30, 1906 / By SAMUEL RICHARDS WEED /   —   /       / Printed by Request / October, 1906”            
Location: CtSHi, NHi, NN.
Abstract: “A memorial service in honor of Rev. Dr. Moses Mather was held in the Darien (Conn.) Congregational Church, September 30, 1906. This church was formerly known as the Middlesex Society of the Town of Stamford. When the town of Darien was set apart its name was changed. Rev. Dr. Moses Mather died September 21, 1806, after serving the society for sixty-two years. Dr. Mather was a son of Richard Mather and related to Rev. Cotton Mather and Dr. Increase Mather, former president of Harvard College. He was one of the captives of the British troops who raided the church during the Sabbath Day services, July 22, 1781.”   Introductory, p. 1.
”Personally, I have always been interested in the welfare of this church. It is associated with my earliest remembrances of Darien. As I sat in the pew in the center of this church with my venerable uncle in the 40’s, I certainly never expected that I should be called upon to participate in a service of this kind, but I am pleased to stand in this venerable pulpit and testify to my sincere admiration of the vigorous manhood and noble example of patriotism which Moses Mather gave us in the ‘days that tried men’s souls.'”   Samuel Richards Weed, p. 8.
  14. Weekly Publications, Inc. “Symbol is old.” Newsweek. 1958 Mar 17; Vol. 51 (No. 1) p. 100; ISSN: 0028-9604.
Notes: Published by Weekly Publications, Inc., Dayton, Ohio.             
Location: DLC.
A concise description of the newly constructed First Presbyterian Church of Stamford, Connecticut. Wallace Harrison, Architect.
  15. Wegelin, Oscar. “Bibliographical list of books and pamphlets relating to or printed in Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut.” Papers of The Bibliographical Society of America. 1912; Vol. 7 (No. 1-2) pp. 22-32; ISSN: 0006-128X.
Notes: Published by The Bibliographical Society of America, Chicago, Illinois. University of Chicago Press.     Issued also as off prints.                                     Location: CtHi, CtHT, CtNbC, CtNlC, CtS, CtSHi, CtU, DLC, MB, MH, MiU, MnU, MWA, NHi, NN, NRU, OCl, OCU, OU.                     Parks (p. 474).
The first bibliography of Stamford, Connecticut.
  16. Weiser, Morton. “Street corner on a warehouse wall: If you take a stroll down this memory lane, you’re in for a smashing surprise … .” Yankee Magazine. 1976 Oct; pp. 58-59; ISSN: 0044-0191.
Notes: Published by Yankee, Dublin, New Hampshire
Location: AAP, CoFS, Ct, CtB, CtH, CtU, DLC, MH-BA, P. 
Describes the origin and implementation of a mural on the outside walls of a warehouse on Summer Street, Stamford, Connecticut. Conceived by artist Renee Kahn, it depicted two early twentieth century scenes of Main and Atlantic streets on separate walls. They were produced as part of the local Bicentennial observances.
  17. Welles, Noah. The divine right of Presbyterian ordination asserted, and the ministerial authority, claimed and exercised in the established churches of New-England, vindicated and proved: in a discourse delivered at Stanford [i.e. Stamford], Lord’s-Day, April 10, 1763. / By Noah Welles, A.M. Pastor of a church of Christ there. ; Published at the desire of the hearers, with some enlargements. ; [Five lines of quotations].                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           New York, (New York); 1763; v [i.e.,vi], 7-78 pp., paper covers, 20 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE DIVINE RIGHT OF PRESBYTERIAN ORDINATION ASSERTED, / AND / THE MINISTERIAL AUTHORITY, CLAIMED AND EXERCISED IN / THE ESTABLISHED CHURCHES OF NEW-ENGLAND, / VINDICATED AND PROVED : / IN / A DISCOURSE / DELIVERED AT STANFORD, [sic] / LORD’S DAY, APRIL 10, 1763. /         / BY NOAH WELLES, A. M. / PASTOR OF A CHURCH OF CHRIST THERE. /       / Published at the DESIRE of the HEARERS; / With some Enlargements. /       / – / [text] / NEW – YORK: / Printed by JOHN HOLT, at the New Printing-Office, near / the Royal-Exchange, 1763.”
Location: CSmH, CtHi, CtY, CU, DLC, IEG, MdBP, MWA, N, NN, NjPT, NNUT, PPL.       Sabin (No. 102571).     Evans (No. 9535).       Wegelin (p. 30).     Error in paging: pp. iii-vi misnumbered ii-v.     For additional information on Noah Welles, see: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 10, p. 632.     “He was even more widely known as a defender of the validity of Presbyterian ordination and an opponent of Episcopacy in the colony. ……. As a controversialist Welles displayed intellectual vigor, a keen mind, argumentative ability, fairness, and dignity.” D.A.B., Vol. 10, p. 632.

As it was with a special view to your satisfaction, that the following discourse was composed and delivered, and in compliance with your request, that it is now made public, I think there is a peculiar propriety in dedicating of it to you.

HAD our episcopal neighbours been contented with the peaceable unmolested profession of their own peculiar principles, in a government, remarkable for its lenity, and even generosity to dissenters; as I trust, you would not have requested it, so I am sure, I never should have thought of introducing this subject into the pulpit, much less of publishing my sentiments upon it. But the restless endeavours of some among them, to draw away persons from our communion, and their unwearied attempts to increase their party, by constantly insinuating to you, the danger of continuing in fellowship with churches, in which (as they would bear you in hand) there is no authorized ministry, no regular gospel administrations; at last convinced me, that it was high time something should be publickly offered for your satisfaction, in this important point. And as it is probable few of you are possessed of any of the books heretofore published, in vindication of our ministerial power; while your episcopal neighbours, perhaps are generally supplied with the arguments commonly offered on the other side of the question, and so are better prepared to discourse upon the subject; the same reasons which induced me to preach upon it, have at length prevailed upon me to consent to its publication. 
As the establishing you in the belief, of what I esteem, a very interesting and important point of christian doctrine, was the great thing I had in view, in preaching and publishing this discourse; it was quite necessary I should confine myself principally to the method of reasoning and argumentation: I have therefore attempted, through the whole, to inform the judgement, rather than to move the passions; — to reason, rather than declaim. And as I have no disposition to offend our episcopal neighbors, for some of whom I have a high esteem, and sincerely desire to live in friendship and christian charity with them all; so I have carefully endeavoured to steer clear of all bitter reflections, and acrimonious expressions, where the course of my argument required me to mention their principles or conduct.

AND I have the happiness to find, that those of that comunion, (many of whom were present at the delivery of the discourse), were generally, if not universaly satisfied with the manner in which it was conducted.”   Noah Welles, pp.ii-iv.
  18. Welles, Noah. Patriotism described and recommended, : in a sermon preached before the General Assembly of the colony of Connecticut, at Hartford, on the day of the anniversary election, May 10th, 1764. / by Noah Welles, A. M. Pastor of a church of Christ in Stanford [i.e. , Stamford]. ; [Eleven lines of quotations]. New-London [Connecticut]: Timothy Green; 1764; 30 pp., paper covers, 20 cm. 
Half title reads: “[printers’ ornament] / Mr. WELLE’S / Election SERMON, / May 10th, 1764. / [printers’ ornament]” 
Johnson (No. 787) states: “… bill in Conn. Archives: Finance and Currency, ser. 1, vol. 5, no. 90 (Oct 1764): “To printing 300 copies Election Sermons.” 
Location: Ct, CtHC, CtHi, CtNlC, CtSoP, CtY, DLC, ICN, M, MBAt, MH-AH, MHi, MiD-B, MiU-C, MWA, N, NHi, NjPT, NN, NNUT, RPJCB.       Sabin (No. 102572).     Evans (No. 9866).   Wegelin (pp. 30-31).     Johnson (No. 787).       For additional information on Noah Welles, see: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 10, p. 632.   “He was a pronounced advocate of resistance to British oppression, setting forth from the pulpit the righteousness and duty of it, both at the time when the Stamp Act was creating excitement and in the opening days of the Revolution. A sermon of his preached before the General Assembly of Connecticut in 1764 and published that year bears the title, Patriotism Described and Recommended.” D. A. B., Vol. 10, p. 632.
Abstract: “True patriotism then, considered as a principle, is the same thing with public spirit, or a generous love to our country, – a regard for the happiness of our fellow-creatures, especially a tender concern for the welfare of our fellow-subjects.” Noah Welles, p. 8.
  19. West, Abby. “Joint venture: Financiers Cleveland Christophe and Duane Hill have formed a local partnership with global reach, and beaten the odds along the way.” Living In Stamford. 2002 Apr; Vol. 4 (No. 2) pp. 28-32, 34, 36; ISSN: 1524-6183.
Notes: Published by Living In Stamford, Stamford, Connecticut.
Location: CtSHi.
Abstract: “As he sits in his sunny corner office, impeccably dressed and with anything he may want seemingly at his fingertips, Cleveland Christophe is the very picture of success. Everything about him bespeaks the confidence and ease that often seems to come with an intimate knowledge of money.

That’s just what he has as managing partner of TSG Capitol Group, a Stamford investment firm that handles almost $750 million in private equity funds. Christophe and TSG co-founder Duane Hill have spent decades negotiating the rapid and choppy waters of the investment banking world. Along the way, they have gained the power to invest up to $100 million in a company of their choosing without consulting anyone outside their firm.

As impressive as these credentials are, Christophe and Hill’s prominent positions in the competitive world of high finance are made even more so by the fact that they are African-American men.

Now wait a minute before you write that angry letter to the editor complaining of some perceived racist bent. I know that some people get uncomfortable when the news media point to a successful person and inject the obvious fact of their race as if to prove a point. As a professional Black person it often gives me pause.

But maybe that is because we don’t want to acknowledge that a point needs to be made. 

Like it or not, we live in a society where race has always been an issue and there are those who think that African Americans are inherently incapable of reaching certain heights, says Charles Shepherd, president and CEO of Urban League of Southwestern Connecticut.

”It’s a big deal that there are successful Black men and women in areas of business and government because it shows the payoff of having an open and equal society,” says Shepherd. “What they illustrate is that given the opportunity, Blacks can be successful in an above-average way.” Abby West, p. 29.   (Copyright 2002 by Living In Stamford. Reproduced with permission.)
  20. — “On call for the community: Dr. Anthony Iton looks back at his first year as Stamford’s health director.” Living In Stamford. 2001 May; Vol. 3 (No. 1 [i.e. 3]) pp. 59-63; ISSN: 1524-6183.
Notes: Published by Living In Stamford, Stamford, Connecticut.
Location: CtSHi.
Abstract: “During the search for a candidate to head the Department of Health and Social Services, Iton’s wide-ranging educational and professional background made him a standout.

He started his education in his native Canada, earning an undergraduate degree from McGill University. In addition to a medical degree from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, he holds a law degree and a graduate degree in public health from University of California at Berkeley. His medical training included an internship at New York Hospital/Cornell Medical Center, a residency in public health and preventive medicine at the San Francisco Health Department and his stint as chief resident at Greenwich Hospital. He has worked on a U. S. Senate Human Rights Commission, as a primary-care physician in homeless shelters and a health-policy analyst and staff attorney for Consumers Union. Iton was chosen from a field of 25 applicants and started the job in March 2000.

’This is the sort of job I was looking for. You get paid to use your brain to help a population of people,’ says Iton. ‘It’s like a health think tank on a local level.’

Iton admits he took a rather unusual path to his current position. But he points out, as Director of Health and Social Services, he is part physician and part health enforcer marrying his medical and law backgrounds. ‘It’s very satisfying to articulate a position that I care about deeply,’ he says. ‘Someone has to make the hard choices. I do what works for my conscience. I’m not a politician, and I’m not concerned about pleasing people.

Iton’s position requires him to give input on public policy affecting a variety of quality-of-life areas, such as housing and transportation. For example, the Social Services Committee handles housing discrimination complaints and oversees the city’s rent-assistance program for seniors. ‘So much of health is related to the socioeconomic state of people,’ says Iton. ‘We can’t ignore the social context of people’s health issues.'”  Abby West, pp. 60-61.   (Copyright 2001 by Living In Stamford. Reproduced with permission.)
  21. — “Taking the pulse of a community: The campaign to save lives.” Living In Stamford. 2001 Feb-Mar; Vol. 3 (No. 1) pp. 52-56, 58-60; ISSN: 1524-6183.
Notes: Published by Living In Stamford, Stamford, Connecticut.
Location: CtSHi.
Abstract: “There were 250 sudden cardiac deaths in Stamford last year alone.

’Sudden cardiac death scares doctors,’ says Stamford cardiologist Edward Schuster. Why? Because even though cardiovascular disease is the single greatest cause of death in the United States, the high number of cardiac arrest deaths could be avoided or lowered through a series of actions called a ‘chain of survival’ that in large part relies on the actions of ordinary citizens in the community.

To increase the chances of survival for those destined to suffer from sudden cardiac arrest, the American Heart Association is working on an ambitious national campaign called Operation Heartbeat. The program seeks to improve the links in the local chain of survival – early access to emergency care, early CPR, early defibrillation and early advanced care – with much of the work directed at the lay community. Stamford is one of three Connecticut municipalities that have begun to implement the program, with Schuster acting as chairman of the local campaign.”     Abby West, p. 55.   (Copyright 2001 by Living In Stamford. Reproduced with permission.)
  22. White, Anthony G. Architecture of Stamford, Connecticut: A selected bibliography. Monticello, Illinois: Vance Bibliographies; 1989 Nov; 6 pp., paper covers, 28 cm. (Architecture Series: Bibliography; v. A 2254). ISBN: 0-7920-0344-6.
Notes: Location: AzU, CoU, CtU, CU, CU-S, CU-SB, DLC, FMU, FTaSU, FTS, FU, GU, IaAS, ICIU, InMuB, InU, IU, KyU, LU, MiEM, OOxM, OU, TxLT, WMUW.
  23. White & Warner. Trolley trips through southern New England. Hartford, Connecticut: White & Warner; 1902; 112 pp., paper covers, illus., maps, advts., table of contents, trolley schedules, 17 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “TROLLEY TRIPS / THROUGH / SOUTHERN / NEW ENGLAND /     / ILLUSTRATED /     / [cut of a tree] /     / PUBLISHED BY / WHITE & WARNER / HARTFORD CONN / 1902”             Imprint on reverse of title reads: “The 1902 edition of this book is Number 4 of the series. /   Numbers 1 and 3 are out of print, but the publishers would / state, for the benefit of libraries or individuals wishing to / complete their sets, that a limited number of copies of / Number 2 remain and will be mailed upon receipt of twelve cents. / First Edition, June 14, 1902. / Second Edition, August 1, 1902. /….. PLIMPTON PRESS, / Hartford, Conn.”             For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 12-13. 
Location: DLC, MH, NN, PPeSchw.
Abstract: “With quite speed enough, and without dust, smoke or cinders, we are carried in the electric cars through lovely streets with arching trees, past village Greens with glimpses of old houses on either side, and, leaving the highway now and then, through meadows sweet with wild flowers – the very breadth of the country. If we wish to stop over at any point it is easy to do so, and the next car will carry us along on our journey. A great many people have found a trip, even as long as from New York to Boston, delightful and profitable, and the number of ‘long-distance’ trolley travelers is increasing rapidly.   ….   Stamford. … It has at present a population of about 16,000, and is the seat of many important manufacturing industries. The New York and Stamford steamer may be taken and connection made here with the trolley line, if desired. At Stamford the car takes one to the city line. Crossing a little bridge the cars of the Connecticut Railway & Lighting Company are found.” White & Warner, pp. 9-10, 13.
  24. Whitefield, George. A continuation of the Reverend Mr. Whitefield’s journal, from a few days after his arrival at Savannah, June the fourth, to his leaving Stanford, the last town in New-England, October 29, 1740. Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania): Benjamin Franklin; 1741; 126, [2] pp., 14 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A / CONTINUATION / Of the Reverend / Mr. Whitefield’s / JOURNAL, / FROM / A few Days after his Arrival at / Savannah, June the Fourth, / TO / His leaving Stanford, the last Town in / New-England, October 29, 1740. /   –   / [printers’ ornament] /   –   / PHILADELPHIA: / Printed and Sold by B. FRANKLIN, / M,DCC,XLI. [1741] 
Location: PPL.       Evans (No. 4846).       
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 121-126.
Because of occasional uneven type impression, several words, or segments of them, are missing from pages of this edition. These voids were filled in by resorting to Evans (No. 4848) and are indicated by brackets. 
For additional information on George Whitefield, see: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 10, pp. 124-129.
Abstract: “[p. 121]

Wednesday, Oct. 29. [1740]. Came hither last Night in Safety, tho’ it was very d[ark] and rainy. Was visited with a great inward Trial, so that I was pained to the Heart. Was somewhat dejected before I [went] out of my Lodgings, and somewhat [distre]ssed for a Text after I got up in the [pulpit. But]   The LORD at length directed [me to] one; but I looked for no Power [or Succ]ess, being very low by my last

[p. 122]
Night’s Trial. Notwithstanding, before I had preached half an Hour, the blessed Spirit began to move on the Hearers Hearts in a very awful Manner ; young, 
and especially many old People were surprizingly affected, so that I thought they would have cried out. At Dinner the Spirit of the LORD came upon me again, and enabled me to speak with such Vigour against sending unconverted Persons into the Ministry, that two Ministers with Tears in their Eyes, publickly confessed, they had laid Hands on young Men without so much as asking them, Whether they were born again of GOD, or not? After Dinner, finding my heart much enlarged, I prayed, and with such Power, that most in the Room were put under Concern; and one old Minister was so deeply convicted, that calling Mr. Noble and me [out,] with great Diffculty (because of his [weepi]ng) he desired our Prayers: For, [says he], I have been a Scholar and have p[r]each’d the Doctrines of Grace for a long Time, but I believe I have never felt the Power of them in my own Soul. —- Oh that all unconverted Ministers were broug’t [to] make the s[ame] Confession! I was [mu]ch affected with his Ingenuity, and [after ha]ving, by Prayer, earnestly recom[mended] him to GOD, I took Horse, [rejoicing] 

[p. 123]
exceedingly in Spirit, to see how our LORD was getting himself the Victory, in a Place where Mr. Davenport, a Native of Stanford, a dear Minister of the blessed JESUS, had been slighted and despised. A prophet is not without Honour, save in his own Country and his Father’s House. 

But here I think it proper to set up my Ebenezer, and before I enter into the Province of New-York, to give GOD Thanks for sending me into New-England. I
have now had an Opportunity of seeing the greatest and the most populous Parts of it; and take all together, it certainly, on many Accounts, exceeds all other Provinces in America, and for the Establishment of Religion, perhaps all other Parts of the World. Never, surely, was so large a Spot of Ground settled in such a Manner in so short a Space as a hundred Years. The Towns through Connecticut and Eastward towards York, in the Province of the Massachusetts, near the River Side, are large and well peopled and exceeding pleasent to travel through; every five or ten Miles you have a Meeting-
House, and I believe, there is no such Thing as a Plu[ralist] or Non-resident Minister in both Provinces: ………………………………………………
[p. 124]
The Ministers and People of Connecticut seem’d to be more simple and serious than those that live near Boston, especially in the Parts where I went. But, I think, the Ministers Preaching, almost universally, by Notes, is a certain Mark they have, in a great Measure, lost the old S[pirit] of   
Preaching: For, tho’ all are not to be

[p. 125]
condemned that use Notes, yet it is a sad Symptom of the Decay of vital Religion, when Reading Sermons becomes fashionable where extempore Preaching did once almost universally prevail. When the Spirit of Prayer began to be lost, then Forms of Prayer were invented. And, I believe, the same Observation will hold good as to Preaching. As for the Universities, I believe, it may be said, their Light is now become Darkness, Darkness that may be felt, and is complain’d of by the most godly Ministers. I pray GOD these Fountains may be purified, and send forth pure Streams to water the City of our GOD.   The Church of England is at a very low Ebb; and, as far as I can find, had People kept their primitive Purity it would scarce have got Footing in New-England.   I have many Evidences to prove that most of the Churches have been first set up by immoral Men, and such as would not submit to the Discipline of their 
Congregations or were corrupt in the Faith: But I will say no more about the poor Church of England, most of her Sons, whether Ministers or People, I fear, hate to be reform’d. As for the Civil Government of New-England, it seems to be well regulated; and, I think, at opening all their Courts, either the Judge or Minister 

[p. 126]
begins with Prayer. Family Worship is, I believe, generally kept up. The Negroes, I think, are better used, in respect to both to Soul and Body, than in any other Province that I have yet seen.   In short, I like New-England exceeding well, and when a Spirit of Reformation revives, it certainly will prevail more than in other Places, because they are more simple in their Worship, less corrupt in their Principles, and consequently more easily brought over to the Form of sound Words, into which so many of their pious Ancestors were deliver’d.”       George Whitefield, pp. 121-126.
  25. Whitney Publishing Company. “Curtain walled manor: Lester C. Tichy, Architect.” Interiors. 1953 Dec; Vol. 113 (No. 5) pp. 62-67; ISSN: 0020-5516.
Notes: Published by Whitney Publications, Inc., New York, New York.       Includes floor plans. 
Location: Ct, CtH, CtNlC, CtU, CtY, CU-A, DLC, FU, InU, MB, N, P, TxDaM.   
The Stamford, Connecticut residence of an attorney and his family.
  26. — “Suburban shopping center: Plans like this may be a cure for mid-town congestion.” Interiors. 1945 Nov; Vol. 105 (No. 4) pp. 90-91; ISSN: 0020-5516.
Notes: Published by Whitney Publishing Company, New York, New York.         Includes site plan.
Location: DLC, MB. 
According to this article, the Ridgeway Shopping Center, designed by Alfons Bach, was the initial major project of this type to be constructed in the Northeast.
  27. Whittier, John G. (John Greenleaf). “Abraham Davenport.” Atlantic Monthly. 1866 May; Vol. 17 (Issue 103) pp. iv, 539-540; ISSN: 0160-6514.
Notes: Published by Atlantic Monthly Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Location: Ct, CtFaU, CtH, CtHT, CtMW, CtMy, CtNb, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNhH, CtSoP, CtWal, CtWillE, CtU, CtY, DLC, MB.
See also: J. G. Whittier (John Greenleaf) “Abraham Davenport” Living Age, April 28, 1866, Issue No. 1143, Fourth Series, No. 4, p. 210. Published by Littell, Son, & Company, Boston, (Massachusetts). 
Abstract: “Contents.   Abraham Davenport …. John G. Whittier …. 539″
p. iv.

IN the old days (a custom laid aside
With breeches and cocked hats) the people sent
Their wisest men to make the public laws.
And so, from a brown homestead, where the Sound
Drinks the small tribute of the Mianus,
Waved over by the woods of Rippowams,
And hallowed by pure lives and tranquil deaths,
Stamford sent up in the councils of the State
Wisdom and grace in Abraham Davenport.

’T was on a May-day of the far old year
Seventeen hundred eighty, that there fell
Over the fresh earth and the heaven of noon,
A horror of great darkness, like the night
In day of which the Norland sagas tell, -
The Twilight of the Gods. The low-hung sky
Was black with ominous clouds, save where its rim
Was tinged with a dull glow, like that which climbs
The crater’s sides from the red hell below.
Birds ceased to sing, and all the barn-yard fowls
Roosted; the cattle at the pasture bars
Lowed, and looked homeward; bats on leathern wings
Flitted abroad; the sounds of labor died;
Men prayed, and women wept; all ears grew sharp
To hear the doom-blast of the trumpet shatter
The black sky, that the dreadful face of Christ
Might look from the rent clouds, not as he looked
A loving guest at Bethany, but stern
As Justice and inexorable Law.

Meanwhile in the old State-House, dim as ghosts,
Sat the lawgivers of Connecticut,
Trembling beneath their legislative robes.
”It is the Lord’s Great Day! Let us adjourn,”
Some said; and then, as if with one accord,
All eyes were turned to Abraham Davenport.
He rose, slow cleaving with his steady voice
The intolerable hush. “This well may be
The Day of Judgment which the world awaits;
But be it so or not, I only know
My present duty, and my Lord’s command
To occupy till he come. So at the post
Where he hath set me in his providence,
I Choose, for one, to meet him face to face, -
No faithless servant frightened from my task,
But ready when the Lord of the harvest calls;
And therefore, with all reverence, I would say,
Let God do his work, we will see to ours.
Bring in the candles.” And they brought them in.

Then by the flaring lights the Speaker read,
Albeit with husky voice and shaking hands,
An act to amend an act to regulate
The shad and alewife fisheries. Whereupon
Wisely and well spake Abraham Davenport.
Straight to the question, with no figures of speech
Save the nine Arab signs, yet not without
The shrewd dry humor natural to the man:
His awe-struck colleagues listening all the while,
Between the pauses of his argument,
To hear the thunder of the wrath of God
Break from the hollow trumpet of the cloud.

And there he stands in memory to this day,
Erect, self-poised, a rugged face, half seen
Against the background of unnatural dark,
A witness to the ages as they pass,
That simple duty hath no place for fear.”

(John G. Whittier,) pp. 539-540.

Published the following year as part of a collection of poems by John Greenleaf Whittier in, The tent on the beach, and other poems. (1867).
For additional information on Abraham Davenport and the “Dark Day,” see: J. Robert Bromley, Abraham Davenport, 1715 to 1789 : a study of the man. (1976).
  28. Whittier, John Greenleaf. The tent on the beach, and other poems. Boston, Massachusetts: Ticknor and Fields; 1867; vi, 172 pp., 18 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE / TENT ON THE BEACH / AND / OTHER POEMS. / BY / JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER. / [printers’ mark of Ticknor and Fields] / BOSTON: / TICKNOR AND FIELDS. / 1867.”       Imprint on reverse of title reads: “UNIVERSITY PRESS: WELCH, BIGELOW, & CO., / CAMBRIDGE.”
For reference to the poem “Abraham Davenport,” see: pp. 98-102. 
Location: AU, CaBVaU, CoU, CtU, CtY, CU, CU-S, DeWI, DLC, FTaSU, FU, GEU, GU, ICarbS, ICN, InU, LU, MB, MBAt, MH, MiU, MoSW, MoU, MWA, MWiW-C, N, NBuG, NcD, NcU, Nh, NIC, NjP, NNC, NRCR, NRU, NSyU, OC, OCl, OCU, OFH, OO, OrP, OrPR, OrU, OU, PHC, PHi, PP, PPL, PPT, PSC, PU, RPB, TxU, ViU, WU.           Blanck (No. 21866). 
Abstract: For additional information on Abraham Davenport and the “Dark Day,” see: J. Robert Bromley, Abraham Davenport, 1715 to 1789 : a study of the man. (1976).
  29. Wicks, Edith M. Stamford’s Soldiers : genealogical biographies of Revolutionary War patriots from Stamford, Connecticut. Olson, Virginia H.; Stamford, Connecticut: Stamford Genealogical Society and Ferguson Library of Stamford, Connecticut; 1976; x, 407 pp., introductory notes, bibliography, index, 24 cm. (Paul W. Prindle, editor). 
Notes: Title page reads: “STAMFORD’S SOLDIERS / Genealogical Biographies / of / Revolutionary War Patriots / from / Stamford, Connecticut /     / compiled by / Edith M. Wicks and Virginia H. Olson /       / Edited by / Paul W. Prindle, F. A. S. G. /     / Published by / The Stamford Genealogical Society / and / The Ferguson Library / of Stamford, Connecticut / as a cooperative venture to mark the / Bicentennial of the Declaration of Independence / 1976”                                   Imprint on reverse of title reads: “500 Copies / Printed in the U.S.A. by / POLYANTHOS, INC. / New Orleans, Louisiana”                                                                 Location: CCarl, CL, CoD, CStcl, Ct, CtB, CtDar, CtHi, CtNhHi, CtOg, CtS, CtSHi, CtSi, CtSoP, CtWilt, CtY, DLC, FFm, ICN, Infw, Me, MiD, NcU, NN, OC, OCl, TxDa, TxF, WHi.     Kemp (p. 628).   Parks (No. 8624).
Abstract: “The compilers and the undersigned are pleased to acknowledge with warm thanks the willingness of The Ferguson Library, its Special Gifts Committee and Miss Marie Hurley, Library Director, to publish this book in cooperation with The Stamford Genealogical Society. As a scholarly work of permanent significance and a joint contribution by two community groups, the venture represents a worthy addition to the many activities undertaken by organizations in Stamford in commemoration of the Bicentennial of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. The Library and the Society hope this book will stimulate interest in the roles played by Stamford’s citizens in the Revolutionary War and that this interest may in turn lead to a fuller understanding of those dramatic years of American history.” H(arold) B. Hubbell, p. ix.   (Copyright 1976 by The Stamford Genealogical Society, Inc. [now the Connecticut Ancestry Society, Inc.]. Reproduced with permission.)
  30. Wiegand, Ernest A., II. “Rockrimmon Rockshelter (6-FA-116).” Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Connecticut. 1980; (No. 42) pp. 15-28; ISSN: 0739-5612.
Notes: Published by The Archaeological Society of Connecticut c/o American Indian Archaeological Institute, Washington, Connecticut.                                                   Location: Ct, CtB, CtDabN, CtH, CtHi, CtHT, CtMW, CtNbC, CtNhH, CtNlC, CtS, CtStr, CtU, CtW, CtY, DLC, DeU, INS, MBU, NjR.             Parks (No. 8629).
Description of archaeological work conducted at this site under the direction of Ernest A. Wiegand in 1974.
  31. Wiegand, Ernest A., II. Rockshelters of southwestern Connecticut: their prehistoric occupation and use. Norwalk, Connecticut: Norwalk Community College Press; 1983; vi, 191 pp., paper covers, illus., maps, table of contents, list of figures, list of tables, bibliography, 29 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “Ernest A. Wiegand / ROCKSHELTERS / of Southwestern Connecticut: / their Prehistoric occupation and use /     / Norwalk Community College Press”
For references to three sites located in Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. i, iii-iv, 4, 7-8, 28-50, 72-73, 98-108, 133-134, 148, 150, 152-154, 161.   This work is based on the author’s Master’s thesis, “The Southwestern Connecticut Rockshelter Survey,” Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, City University of New York, 1982. Included is an errata slip. Cover design by Brad M. Pearson.       
Location: Ct, CtB, CtBSH, CtDab, CtDar, CtFa, CtFar, CtFaU, CtGre, CtGro, CtH, CtHi, CtMil, CtNh, CtNlC, CtNowa, CtRi, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtU, CtWilt, CtWtp, MDeeH, NcU, NOneoC, PPiU, RPRC.       Parks (No. 1944).
The best study to date of this subject.
  32. — “Unique prehistoric vessel from Stamford, Connecticut.” Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Connecticut. 1998; (No. 61) pp. 21-25; ISSN: 0739-5612.
Notes: Published by the Archaeological Society of Connecticut c/o American Indian Archaeological Institute, Washington, Connecticut.
Location: Ct, CtB, CtDabN, CtH, CtHi, CtHT, CtMW, CtNbC, CtNhH, CtNlC, CtS, CtStr, CtU, CtW, CtY, DLC, DeU, INS, MBU, NjR.             Parks-Additions (No. 1099).
In this article, the author describes the fine points of a small prehistoric clay pot originally found in the Cove section of Stamford, Connecticut and now is in the collections of the Stamford Historical Society.
  33. Willey, W. L. (William Lithgow). The order of military merit, the badge of military merit of the continental army. Exeter, New Hampshire: Society of the Cincinnati in the state of New Hampshire; 1925; xii, 33 pp., illus. color & b/w., 24 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE ORDER / OF MILITARY MERIT /     / THE BADGE OF MILITARY MERIT / OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY / [cut of the Society of the Cincinnati’s insignia] /   / EXETER / SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI / IN THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE/ 1925” For references to William Brown of Stamford, Connecticut, who was one of the recipients, see: pp. 7-8, 15, 25-26, 30-31.       Imprint on flyleaf following page 33 reads: “Five hundred copies of The Order of Military Merit were printed at the Harvard University Press in Cambridge, Massachusetts, February, 1925, and the type was distributed.”               Includes “The Story of The Purple Heart,” by John C. Fitzpatrick, Assistant Chief, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, pp. (13)-33.                           Location: Ct, CtSHi, DLC, ICN, MB, NcD, NWM, PHi, TxU, ViU.       Gephart (No. 7624).
Abstract: “The second Heart, awarded to Sergeant William Brown, was gained on the historic field of Yorktown. On the evening of October 14, 1781, the two British redoubts that checked the progress of the siege were stormed and taken by the Allied troops. The French took the inner, the Americans the outer redoubt, or the one nearest the river. Sergeant Brown led a ‘forlorn hope,’ as it is called, because, being the advance party and the first to attack, the hazard is so great that the attackers can have but a forlorn hope of coming through alive. ….. Sergeant William Brown of Captain Samuel Comstock’s Company of the Fifth Regiment, Connecticut Line, was born in Stamford, Connecticut, February 12, 1761. After the war he removed to and settled in Columbia (now part of Cincinnati), Hamilton County, Ohio, where he died in 1808.” John C. Fitzpatrick, pp. 25-26. (Copyright 1925 by the Society of the Cincinnati in the state of New Hampshire. Reproduced with permission.)
  34. Williams and Whiting. “Obituary.” (Theodosia Davenport). Christian’s Magazine: Designed To Promote The Knowledge And Influence Of Evangelical Truth And Order. 1810 Apr; Vol. 3 (No. 4) pp. 239-240.
Notes: Published by Williams and Whiting, At Their Theological And Classical Bookstore. … J. Seymour, Printer, New York, (New York).                                          Location: CtHC, CtHT-W, CtNbC, CtSoP, CtY, DLC, GDC, ICMcC, ICU, IEG, MB, MBAt, MiU, MnHi, MnU, MWA, N, NCH, NN, NNG, NNUT, NSchU, NcD, NjPT, NjR, OCHP, OMC, OO, PP, PHi, TxU, WBB, WHi.               Jeanne Majdalany and Jean Mulkerin, Poems on Stone In Stamford, Connecticut (1980), pp. 62-63 includes a photograph of Theodosia Davenport’s tombstone and the text of the poem carved on it.
Abstract: “Died, at Stamford, Connecticut, on the 8th of Feb. last, Miss Theodosia Davenport, daughter of the Hon. John Davenport, having just completed the 21st. year of her age. … She fell a victim to the epidemic which prevailed in Stamford last winter. The common apprehensions of personal danger did not deter her from making every exertion in her power to alleviate the distresses of the sick and the dying, at whose beds she assiduously attended night and day.” Christian’s Magazine, p. 239.
  35. Williams, John. Address delivered in St. John’s Church, Stamford, June 25th, 1861, : at the funeral of Rev. Ambrose Seymour Todd, D.D., / by Rt. Rev. John Williams, D. D., Assistant Bishop of Conn. ; and A sermon, preached the following Sunday, June 30th / by Walter Mitchell ; together with the resolutions of the clergy of the diocese, and of the vestry of St. John’s Church. Mitchell, Walter. New York (New York): G. F. Nesbitt and Co., printers and stationers.; 1861; 23, [1] pp., paper covers, 24 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “ADDRESS / DELIVERED IN / St. John’s Church, June 25th, 1861, / AT THE FUNERAL OF / REV. AMBROSE SEYMOUR TODD, D. D., / BY / RT. REV. JOHN WILLIAMS, D. D., / ASSISTANT BISHOP OF CONN., / AND A / SERMON, / Preached the following Sunday, June 30th, / BY / REV. WALTER MITCHELL, / ASSISTANT MINISTER OF ST. JOHN’S CHURCH; / TOGETHER / With the resolutions of the Clergy of the Diocese, and of the / Vestry of St. John’s Church. / [printers’ ornament] / Published by order of the Vestry. / [printers’ ornament] / NEW-YORK: / G. F. NESBITT AND CO., PRINTERS AND STATIONERS, / COR. OF PEARL AND PINE STREETS. / – / 1861.” 
Location: CtHT, CtY, MH-AH, MWA, Nh, RPB.     Last page blank.       This work is cited in E. B. Huntington’s History of Stamford, Connecticut, from its settlement in 1641, to the present time, including Darien, which was one of its parishes until 1820. (1868), pp. 415-417.
Abstract: “This ministry, with its trials and its cheer, our brother exercised faithfully through more than twice a score of years, and – what is specially remarkable in these days of change – for almost the entire period in a single cure. And he was permitted to live to see great fruits spring from these long-continued and faithful labors. What was the one cure thirty-eight years ago, forms to-day five parishes, with seven churches and chapels duly consecrated, served – till he himself was removed – by seven clergymen.

In this immediate parish, the humble edifice that in the beginning more than served its needs, has given place to this in which we meet to-day; and this has been once enlarged itself; and there is added to it now another house of God. Thirty-six years ago, the number of those who gathered to the Lord’s table, in all the cure, was ninety; to-day, the roll comprises the names of near five hundred.”   John Williams, p. 6 
…………………………………………………………………………..Thirty-eight years are this day completed since he knelt before the same alter where, thirty-six years before that, his father had knelt to receive , at the hands of Bishop SEABURY, the commission to preach and to baptize   Thirty-eight years are this day fulfilled, during which his life has been all your own. Its story is better known to you than to me; for what I have but heard, you – at least many of you – have seen and felt. Yet I may allude to facts long since occurred, which may have passed from your memories. At the time of his coming, the parish of New Canaan was within the same charge, and for one or two years it was his constant custom to mount his horse, at the close of the second service here, and to ride over roads far less easy of travel than at present, to repeat his ministrations at that distant station. In addition to this, his cure extended over what is now Darien on the east and Greenwich on the west. And that was then no nominal labor. As I have gone with him upon his more distant visitings, there would be scarcely a house at which he did not at some time held services. For every funeral, almost every occasion at which believers were called together, was then held to be a fit time and place for the pastoral voice to be heard. Through the whole extent of this and the neighboring townships – a territory as wide as the See of many a primitive Bishop – there is hardly a place not associated with his labors.

Of course, such constant, self-denying, zealous work could not fail of its results. The old parish church wherein he and his father had received the laying on of hands was filled until the need of enlargement was imperatively felt. To build anew, upon such a scale as in his prudent foresight was necessary, seemed a rash undertaking. Some of you must remember how, against doubt and all disheartening counsels, his vigorous perseverance and untiring zeal carried the day, and gave to you this edifice, which, for its date, and the abilities of the Parish as then made up, is indeed an honor to the Churchmen of Connecticut, a beautiful and fit temple of the Lord.” Walter Mitchell, pp. 14-15.
  36. Wilson, Ellis E. “Duffle bag diary of an American Red Cross worker in France.” Annals of Iowa. 1939; Vol. 22 (Third Series) pp. 64-76, 128-170, 201-247.; ISSN: 0003-4827.
Notes: Published by State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa.                       Diary kept by Ellis E. Wilson, a Red Cross worker from Waterloo, Iowa.                                         Location: ArU, C, CL, CLU, CoCC, CoU, CSt, CU, DLC, FU, IaAS, IaHi, IaU, ICF, ICU, IdU, In, InU, IRA, IU, KHi, KU, MB, MeB, MiU, MnHi, MnU, MOSW, MWA, N, NcU, NIC, NN, NNC, OCHP, OCl, OClW, OrU, OU, PP, PU, WaU, WHi, WM.       Arksey (No. 5570).       For additional information on The American Red Cross during World War I, see: American Red Cross, Work of The American Red Cross during the War : A statement of finances and accomplishments for the period July 1, 1917 to February 28, 1919. (October 1919).                                                               Abstract: “There was a similarity in the tasks of most American Red Cross workers who went overseas during the World War Period, 1914 to 1918. It was nearly a year later before A. R. C. activities lessened. The experience of one laborer in its ranks tells the story of many. Similar duties brought like ordeals. True there were often personal contacts which made particular impressions. A daily record hurriedly written could only be a jumble. A hop, skip and jump diary. A duffel bag into which was thrown promiscuously each day’s doings and observations. Comrades are now widely scattered, yet in my memory there abide many names, several distinctive personalities, and numerous kindly faces. My early training being somewhat puritanical, may explain some of my impressions. Herein is given a nine months daily memorandum as copied from my personal diary and from letters with some amplifications, and clarifying written to my wife mostly from Paris, France. It is not put into print because of any particular worth it may possess but to visualize to persons interested, the every day occurrences the Armageddon-like conflict brought to those engaged in auxiliary war services.       …….       By order of the War Department, the American Red Cross is militarized and mobilized and conducted as a regular military organization.   Wednesday 10-2-1918. On guard duty. Short time drill today. Major Harding advised us Company A would leave for Greenwich, Connecticut, in about ten days.       …….       Tuesday 10-15-1918. Arrived at New York City … Went back to our coach but were routed out and transferred to New Haven Railway. Reached Sound Beach, Connecticut about 6:00 A. M. Marched south about one mile to ‘Ye Old Greenwich Inn’ located on Long Island Sound. Had a nice breakfast. At beach looking for shells. Helped the doctors inoculate in afternoon. Trunks and grips arrived by truck in afternoon. The Inn is a large wooden building and a well furnished summer hotel which had closed for the season. Leased to Red Cross, and used to house the boys until sent overseas. Inoculation against fevers started at once. Three shots.       …….       Saturday 10-19-1918. Attended to my duties as medical sergeant. Dr. Irvine also Dr. Huffington went back to Chicago and Dr. Henderson of Stamford, Connecticut is to take their place.       …….       Monday 10-28-1918. Office work. Took walk on sea wall. Went to Stamford on street cars to get medical supplies. Dinner there at hotel $1.50. Sergeant Lundin with me. Let jeweler repair wrist watch which wife gave me. It stopped in one-half hour after I returned to camp. The village drug stores of Sound Beach do not carry a variety of hospital supplies sufficient to meet the demand of the camp making it necessary to go to Stamford to secure them. Take this trip daily. Red Cross guards in most towns and villages to keep watch of the boys that they do not visit saloons or violate orders when away from headquarters on leave. Local residents say Connecticut will never have prohibition. Yankees were against such a law.”   Ellis E. Wilson, pp. 64, 66-67, 70-71.       (Copyright 1939 by the State Historical Society of Iowa. Reproduced with permission.)
  37. Wilson, Lisa. Ye heart of a man : the domestic life of men in colonial New England. New Haven, (Connecticut): Yale University Press; 1999; xii, 255 pp., bibliographic references, index, d.w., 22 cm. ISBN: 0-300-07546-4.
Notes: Title page reads “YE HEART OF A MAN / The Domestic Life of Men in Colonial New England /     / LISA WILSON /       / Yale University Press New Haven and London”
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 29-31, 87, 123, 201, 206, 215, 226   
Location: CtB, CtChh, CtDab, CtDabN, CtDar, CtFar, CtGre, CtH, CtHi, CtManc, CtNbC, CtNc, CtNh, CtNhH, CtNowi, CtOl, CtS, CtSi, CtSthi, CtTmp, CtU, CtWB, CtWhar, CtWillE, CtY, DLC, MH, NN.
Abstract: “David Waterbury, Stamford, Connecticut, farmer and major in the Continental army, also spoke of war as a duty owed his family. When he and his wife parted in 1775, Mary Waterbury was convinced it was ‘our last farewell.’ He responded that ‘I hope I shall Do my Duty Stand or fall I put my trust in God to Defend me in the Day of Battle.’ If it was his ‘Lot Never to se you more’ he hoped she would do her ‘Duty to Wards your Self & the Children.’ This was little consolation to Mary. ‘I dont think I [k]new any body Lived a more Lonesome Life than I do in Your absence.'”     Lisa Wilson, p. 87.     (Copyright 1999 by Yale University Press. Reproduced with permission.)
  38. Wise, Nicole. “Story of Stamford.” Connecticut. 1991 Jun; Vol. 54 (No. 6) pp. 83-88, 101; ISSN: 0889-7670.
Notes: Photography by William Hubbell.       Published by Communications International, Bridgeport, Connecticut.                                                                                                 Location: Ct, CtAns, CtB, CtBhl, CtBl, CtBran, CtChh, CtGre, CtH, CtHT, CtManc, CtMer, CtMil, CtMy, CtNbC, CtNh, CtS, CtSU, CtU, CtWB, CtWilt.
A description of the City of Stamford, including an interview with Jon Smith, planning and zoning director.
  39. Wood, Frederic J. (Frederic James). The turnpikes of New England and evolution of the same through England, Virginia, and Maryland. Boston, Massachusetts: Marshall Jones Company; 1919; xvii, 461 pp., p. front., illus, plates, maps, facsims, diagrs., bibliography, d.w., 28 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE TURNPIKES / OF NEW ENGLAND / AND / EVOLUTION OF THE SAME THROUGH ENGLAND, / VIRGINIA, AND MARYLAND / BY / FREDERIC J. WOOD / MEMBER AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS / MEMBER BOSTON SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS / MEMBER NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY / AND LATELY MAJOR OF ENGINEERS, UNITED STATES ARMY / [printers’ mark of Marshall Jones Company] / BOSTON / MARSHALL JONES COMPANY / MDCCCCXIX [1919]”       An abridged edition was published in 1997 by the Branch Line Press, Pepperell, Massachusetts. ISBN: 0942147057.       See Wood’s description of the development of road improvements, especially the turnpike companies, in Connecticut on pp. 331-335.           
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 376-377.   
Location: Ct, CtB, CtBhl, CtChh, CtDer, CtDu, CtGre, CtHamd, CtHT, CtManc, CtMer, CtMil, CtNa, CtNb, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNhH, CtPut, CtS, CtSHi, CtSi, CtU, CtWB, CtWhar, CtWillE, CtWrf, CtWtp, DLC.       Collier (p. 267).       

The Old Post Road from Boston to New York, after crossing the Connecticut River, followed as close to the shore as the numerous indentations would allow and, west of New Haven, took a fairly direct course. We have already seen that the portion in Greenwich was made a turnpike under county control in 1792. In 1798 an act was passed under authority of which the towns of Fairfield and Norwalk built a toll bridge across the Saugatuck River, which was in use before 1800. The road continued with only those improvements until May, 1806, when the Connecticut Turnpike Company was formed to improve the Old Post Road from the house of Jonathan Sturges in Fairfield to the Byram River, which is the boundary between Connecticut and New York. This franchise is thus seen to include the section in Greenwich which then passed from county to corporation control.

Four gates were allowed ‘including the toll at Saugatuck Bridge.’ The other gates were to be located in Greenwich; in Stamford, at least eighty rods west of the Noroton River; and in Fairfield, between Mill River and the old road from Greenfield.
Huntington’s ‘History of Stamford’ says that the proposition for this turnpike was received with much dissatisfaction in all the towns along the route except Stamford. The people of that town had evidently little knowledge of turnpike methods and failed to realize the dawn of the day of ‘soulless corporations,’ for they welcomed the improvement until they saw what was to be done in their midst. War broke out when they learned that the commissioners proposed to straighten the road even to the extent of cutting directly through the center of the village and dividing their cemetery. The town fought desperately to prevent this desecration but lost on the final appeal, and construction commenced. Tradition credits the corporation with proper care in opening the graves and handling the bodies, but Stamford was not appeased by that. Following the first day’s grading operations in the cemetery, large numbers of citizens with many yoke of oxen gathered in the early darkness and labored all night, hauling large rocks into the opening at each end and blocking the entrances. But what man could put in, man could take away, and for three days Stamford piled rocks in by night and the corporation’s forces removed them by day, until the money power finally prevailed. Many of the good people of the town, it is said, were so wrought up by an invasion of their sacred precinct that they never afterwards would pass over that portion of the road which is now Main Street.

The Connecticut Turnpike continued to demand its tolls until 1854, when the corporation gave it up.”   Frederic J. Wood, pp. 376-377.
  40. Woodland Cemetery Association. Proceedings at the dedication of Woodland Cemetery: also, articles of association, by-laws, rules and regulations. Stamford, (Connecticut): “Advocate” Print; 1861; 44 pp., paper covers, 19 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “PROCEEDINGS / AT THE / DEDICATION / OF / WOODLAND CEMETERY: / ALSO, Articles of Association, / BY-LAWS, RULES AND REGULATIONS. /     / [printers’ ornament] /     / Stamford: / “ADVOCATE” PRINT. / 1861.”
Location: Ct, CtHi, CtSHi, DeU, DLC, MH.            Kaminkow (p. 706).
For additional information on the dedication of Woodland Cemetery, see: Stamford Advocate, August 2, 1861, p. 2. 
Abstract: “But experience has shown that society burying-grounds situated in the midst of cities and villages must give place to the march of improvements around them. Alas! how many of them are now covered over with buildings erected under the fancied or real necessity of a business community! How many others laid out into new streets and highways to satisfy the wants of a new generation! While we may most sincerely condemn this almost desecration of the buried dead, and raise our voice and action against it, hitherto it has been found impossible to prevent it, and the same thing, in all human probability, will hereafter continue to be done. Very many of those present will doubtlessly recollect that thirty years ago, the spot where is now located the small park, just west of our village center, was a small hill on which was situated the Methodist church, surrounded by a large number of graves and monuments, all old and covered with moss, very many of them broken and scattered over the ground – all have given place to the desire to beautify our village, yet not then without a feeling of opposition on the part of the grand-children of those there buried. Very many of us know by tradition, and perhaps some from actual presence, the intense feeling of indignation created when, about sixty years since, by an act of our legislature, the Connecticut turnpike, now the main street of our village, was laid out over the same burial-place. The resentment of those having near relatives buried there was exhibited in almost armed hostility to the project; night after night, as they were removed during day, huge rocks were deposited in the new pathway to prevent the passage of vehicles over the consecrated spot. It may be that when another century shall have passed away, when only remote descendants of those resting there shall feel an interest to prevent it, other burial-places in our village may give place to new things demanded by the restless spirit of the age.   To obviate, then, the difficulty of a completely deserted and neglected burial-place, and to insure for all time a spot where the remains of friends might rest undisturbed, the attention of the best citizens of different localities has been given to the establishment of cemeteries so far removed from the busy marts of enterprise, that they might forever be protected from encroachment and only devoted to the purpose for which they are intended. Influenced by these feelings, a large number of our citizens, with a deep interest in the matter, met together in the summer of 1859, and appointed a committee to look up and select a site for a cemetery in the neighborhood of our village.” William T. Minor, pp. 7-9.
  41. Woods, Mary. “On the waterfront.” Architectural Record. 1983 Sep; Vol. 171, pp. 108-111; ISSN: 0003-858X.
Notes: Published by McGraw-Hill Company, New York, New York.                   
Location: AAP, C, CL, CLSU, CoCC, CoD, CoU, CSf, CSmH, CtB, CtDab, CtGre, CtH, CtHT, CtMer, CtNb, CtNbC, CtNc, CtNh, CtNlC, CtU, CtWB, CtWtp, CtY, CU, DCU, DeWI, DLC, FTS, GA, GU, I, IaU, IC, ICN, IEN, InI, InU, IU, LU, MA, MB, MBAt, MCM, MH, MNF, MdBE, MdBG, MdBP, MeB, MeBa, Mi, MiD, MiDU, MiGr, MiU, MnCS, MnM, MnS, MnSJ, MnU, MoK, MoS, MoSW, MoU, MtBC, NbU, NBuG, NcD, NcRS, NcU, NHC, NhD, NhU, NIC, NjP, NN, NNC, NNMM, NRU, NvU, OC, OCI, OCIMA, OClW, ODa, OkS, OOxM, OT, OU, PP, PSt, PU, RP, ScU, TxArU, ViW.       White (p. 5).
Abstract: “The site’s proximity to downtown Stamford, a mecca for Fortune 500 companies, and its magnificent views convinced developer Arthur Collins that this boatyard site presented a unique opportunity. Its redevelopment could include not only the predictable shops and restaurants but also offices for a major corporation. Constructing such a huge office complex essentially on spec, architect Do H. Chung recalls, was more like designing a car than a building. He had to come up with a distinctive design but one that could accommodate the eventual corporate client’s customized interiors. Harbor Plaza’s five buildings follow the shoreline along a narrow 18-acre peninsula. The three buildings at its tip contain the world headquarters for the Continental Group, Inc., while Group W/Westinghouse’s broadcast facilities occupy the fourth structure. Restaurants, shops, and professional suites are housed in the building adjacent to the complex’s entrance.”   Mary Woods, p. 109.   (Reprinted with permission from Architectural Record, © 1983, McGraw-Hill Companies.

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