Stamford, Connecticut – A Bibliography – M

Bibliography Items:
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Index: 0-9 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | HI | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ
Refers to the index of names and subjects covered by individual bibliography items.

Abbreviations
Locations

  1. MacKenzie, Ruth. “Connecticut Justice and Mercy.” Connecticut Bar Journal. 1965 Dec; Vol. 39 (No. 4) pp. 558-573; ISSN: 0010-6070.
Notes: Published by the Connecticut Bar Association, Hartford, Connecticut.     
Location: ABH-L, ArLUA-l, ArU, A-SC, AU, AzTeS, AzU, CaOTLS, CLavC, CLU, CSfH, Ct, CtHT, CtNbC, CtNlC, CtMW, CU-S, DLC, ICU, MChB, MH-L, MoKU, MU, OAkU, TxWB.       Collier (p. 57).       Parks (No. 1157).
Abstract: “The troubles that the officials had come to resolve had originated, not in Fairfield itself, but in the neighboring village of Standford (Stamford). Here, in the home of Daniel Wescott, lived a seventeen-year-old French bound girl named Catherine Branch. From depositions taken at the time, it is obvious that this Catherine, or Kate was subject to some kind of seizures, probably epileptic in nature. The girl was perhaps ridden by the fear of losing her comfortable niche in a prosperous home if the true nature of her affliction became known, but the attacks couldn’t be hidden. In the beginning she attempted to explain them away by the simple cry of, `Bewitched!,’ but that did not long suffice; it was common knowledge that witches were not in the habit of wreaking their evil in anonymity for long. So, yielding to public pressure, Kate began to describe, and, later to name her tormentors. Once launched in the role of star performer in a drama that held the rapt attention of all the village, the temptation to improve upon her own histrionics became irresistible, and she showed shrewd and calculated cunning in her choice of victims.     …..     Kate took care of the suspicions of her mistress by adding a new name, that of Elizabeth Clausen, to the witches’ roll. A full-scale feud, typical of a small town, had long been enjoyed by Abigail Wescott and Goody Clausen; each was only too ready to believe the worst in the other.”   Ruth MacKenzie, pp. 561-562.   (Copyright 1965 by the Connecticut Bar Association. Reproduced with permission.)
  2. Majdalany, Jeanne. The early history of Long Ridge Village 1700-1800. Stamford, Connecticut: Stamford Historical Society, Inc.; 1977; (6), 60 pp., paper covers, illus., charts, notes, maps, bibliography, 21 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE EARLY HISTORY / OF / LONG RIDGE VILLAGE / 1700 – 1800 /     / by / Jeanne Majdalany /     / The Stamford Historical Society, Inc. / Stamford, Connecticut / 1977”   
Location: Ct, CtHi, CtS, CtSHi, CtU, CtY, DLC, NIC, NjP, OC, WHi.     Kemp (p. 632).     Parks (No. 8585).
Abstract: “This history of Long Ridge Village between 1700 and 1800 is based almost entirely on two kinds of source material: the recorded land deeds, which are so fortunately available at the Stamford Town Hall, and the genealogical material that can be collated from sources at both the Town Hall and the Ferguson Library.   …..   Those who are fortunate to live in Long Ridge today have a precious heritage. The little settlement is one of the few areas in and around Stamford to preserve its early nature. Although the fight to keep gaudy business, modern-style houses, and efficient wide thoroughfares away is a fight that never ends, it is to be hoped that Long Ridge Village will become widely recognized by all for its unique background and still evident charm and that it will be carefully preserved for future generations to enjoy.” Jeanne Majdalany, pp. (5), 42-43.
  3. Majdalany, Jeanne. The early settlement of Stamford, Connecticut, 1641-1700. Wicks, Edith M.; Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc.; 1990; c1991 xiv, 211 pp., paper covers, 1 folded leaf of plates, illus., maps, appendix, notes, bibliography, index, 22 cm. ISBN: 1-55613-394-4.
Notes: Title page reads: “The Early Settlement of Stamford, Connecticut / 1641 – 1700 /     / by / Jeanne Majdalany /     / – / including / Genealogies of the Stamford Families / of the Seventeenth Century / by Edith M. Wicks and Jeanne Majdalany”   Statement on foldout map reads: “The following maps are based on maps drawn by the author in 1985, which were taken from the W. H. Holly Map of 1837.”
Location: CCarl, Cop, CStcl, Ct, CtB, CtDar, CtGre, CtGu, CtHi, CtS, CtSHi, CtSu, CtWill, CtWillE, CtWilt, CtWtp, DLC, KMrJ, MH, MWA, OC, OCl, OClCo, OT, Tx, WaT.
An excellent study of the Town of Stamford’s first fifty-nine years, including genealogies of the families who resided in this frontier Puritan community.
  4. Majdalany, Jeanne. The history of the Cove in Stamford, Connecticut. Stamford, Connecticut: Stamford Historical Society, Inc.; 1979; (6), 122 pp., paper covers, illus., maps, notes, bibliography, index, 20 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE HISTORY OF / THE COVE / IN STAMFORD, / CONNECTICUT / by / Jeanne Majdalany /     / The Stamford Historical Society, Inc. / Stamford, Connecticut / 1979″
Printed on 60# Monadnock White Laid Paper, in an edition of 1000 copies.   Imprint on reverse of title reads: Printed in cooperation with Printers, Inc.           Location: CtB, CtGre, CtHi, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtSU, CtU, CtY, DLC, Infw, NjP, UPB, WHi.     Kemp (p. 632).       Parks (No. 8586).
Abstract: “Along the Connecticut shore of Long Island Sound, just at the boundary line between Stamford and Darien, there has grown up in recent years an extensive playground where the inhabitants of Stamford may enjoy their leisure hours. There was a time in the 1950’s when Stamford, through negligence, almost lost control of this attractive area; belatedly, a sudden resolve gave rise to popular demand for rescuing the site from the Connecticut Light and Power Company at the cost of $485,000. Since that time it has been developed slowly and with care. Today there are tennis courts, an ice rink, and a boat marina on the mainland, and on what is now called Cove Island there are open spaces for ball games and kite flying, picnic areas scattered among the locust and maple trees, and two lovely beaches known as East Beach and Horseshoe Beach, which are backed by tasteful pavilions containing only essential facilities. This last summer a new attraction was added; rowboats were made available so that one could lazily explore the reaches of Holly Pond to the north of the island. In the summer the parking lot adjacent to the bridge over to the island is often filled to capacity, but the Cove area is large enough so that one experiences the happy spirit of fun and relaxation. In the winter a lonely walk along the beach with the wind blowing stiff and fresh gives a sense of being far from any city. A stroll to Pound Rocks, a promontory on the southeast tip, is rewarded by a glorious view: nearby are wheeling seagulls and little jagged-edged islands, and across the Sound, its waters dotted often with ships and boats, lies the soft shore of Long Island.” Jeanne Majdalany, p. 1.
  5. Majdalany, Jeanne. Poems on stone in Stamford, Connecticut. Mulkerin, Jean. Stamford, Connecticut: Stamford Historical Society, Inc.; 1980; (6), xii, 188 pp., paper covers, illus., maps, index, 22 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “Poems on Stone / In / Stamford, Connecticut / by / Jeanne Majdalany and Jean Mulkerin /     / The Stamford Historical Society, Inc. / Stamford, Connecticut / 1980”   Imprint on reverse of title reads: Printed by Stamford Shopper.                         
Location: Ct, CtB, CtGre, CtHi, CtNc, CtNhHi, CtS, CtSHi, CtStr, CtU, CtY, NN, WHi.       Kemp (p. 625).   Parks (No. 8587).
Includes cemeteries in Stamford, Darien, and New Canaan.
Abstract: “This book is dedicated to the late Russell C. Roberts. A highly respected lawyer in Stamford and well known for his deep interest in New England and local history, he was a very active member of the Stamford Historical Society for over twenty years, serving as its president from 1966 to 1970. Photographing the gracious Connecticut churches and churchyards was one of his hobbies.”           “A number of graveyards contained no stones with poetry inscribed on them, or no legible poetry, so that the total number of graveyards represented in this study is forty-five out of the grand total of seventy existing burying grounds with early (1740-1911) Stamford graves in them.”                “This attempt at a chronological evaluation of Stamford’s burying-ground poetry, though sketchy, might lead to fuller studies in the future. Most of all, this entire study has been made largely in the hope that others will be drawn into forming a sound, practical program for saving what little is left, the few traces of the rugged, sincere people who built the foundations of our large and prosperous city of Stamford.” Jeanne Majdalany and Jean Mulkerin, p. 24.
  6. Manufacturers’ Association of Connecticut, Inc. “Final summary of Army-Navy `E’ Awards in Connecticut.” Connecticut Industry. 1946 Mar; Vol. 24 (No. 3) pp. 8-9, 25; ISSN: 0010-6135.
Notes: Published 1923-1970 by Manufacturers’ Association of Connecticut, Inc., Hartford, Connecticut; 1971-1972 by Connecticut Business and Industry Association.   
Location: Ct, CtB, CtBris, CtH, CtMer, CtNbc, CtNh, CtNlC, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtW, CtY, MH.
175 Connecticut factories were recipients of the Army-Navy ‘E’ award for exceptional production. In addition, they received stars in recognition for continuance of their commendable accomplishments. The following companies received Army-Navy ‘E’ awards and stars as per information furnished by the Army Service Forces, Springfield Ordnance District:   ….    Cinaudagraph Corp., Stamford, 2 (Stars)   ….   Electric Specialty Co., Stamford   ….   Fonda Gage Co., Stamford, 1 (Star)   ….   Machlett Laboratories, Inc., Power Tube Division, Norwalk   ….   Machlett Laboratories, Inc., Springdale Plant, Springdale, 4 (Stars)   ….   Perkin-Elmer Corp., Glenbrook, 4 (Stars)   ….   Pitney-Bowes, Inc., Stamford, 3 (Stars)   ….   Stamford Rolling Mills Co., Springdale, 4 (Stars)   ….   Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co., Stamford Division, Stamford, 2 (Stars).
  7. — “Petroleum Heat and Power Company.” Connecticut Industry. 1948 Jun; Vol. 26 (No. 6) pp. 6-8, 26; ISSN: 0010-6135.
Notes: Published 1923-1970 by Manufacturers’ Association of Connecticut, Inc., Hartford, Connecticut; 1971-1972 by Connecticut Business and Industry Association.   
Location: Ct, CtB, CtBris, CtH, CtMer, CtNb, CtNh, CtNlC, CtU, CtW, CtWB, CtY, MH.
A brief history of The Petroleum Heat & Power Company of Stamford, producers and installers of oil burning equipment, as well as suppliers of fuel oil.
  8. Marcus, Ronald. “Elizabeth Clawson… thou deseruest to dye” : an account of the trial in 1692 of a woman from Stamford, Connecticut who was accused of being a witch. Stamford, Connecticut: Stamford Historical Society, Inc.; 1976; 20 pp., paper covers, illus., notes, 23 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: ” “ELIZABETH CLAWSON … / THOU DESERUEST TO DYE” /     / An Account of the Trial in 1692 / of a Woman from Stamford, Connecticut / Who Was Accused of Being / a Witch /     / by / Ronald Marcus /   / [woodcut illus. from Witches Apprehended   … London, 1613. Reproduced with permission of The Huntington Library, San Marino, California] / The Stamford Historical Society, Inc. / Stamford, Connecticut / 1976″   ‘Imprint on reverse of title reads: “Produced by Communication Corporation, Stamford, Connecticut”                                                                                                                       Location: Ct, CtB, CtDar, CtGre, CtHi, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtU, DeWint, DLC, InU, MWA, NcD, NIC, WHi.       Collier (p. 57).       Parks (No. 8588).
Abstract: Collier (p. 57) states, “A short pamphlet account of a woman tried for witchcraft in 1692. She was acquitted and lived to be eighty-three. Happily?” “The witchcraft delusion of 1692 swept through western Connecticut as a storm that comes quickly, raises havoc, and then disperses. Because the friends and neighbors of Elizabeth Clauson in Stamford stood their ground, courage and good sense triumphed over hysteria.” Ronald Marcus, p. 13.
  9. Marcus, Ronald. Fort Stamford: A concise study. Stamford, Connecticut: Stamford Historical Society, Inc.; 1973; iii, 24 pp., paper covers, notes, 22 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “FORT STAMFORD / A Concise Study / [cut of the seal of the City of Stamford] / by / Ronald Marcus /     / The Stamford Historical Society, Inc. / Stamford, Connecticut / 1973″
Printed in an edition of 2,500 copies. Imprint on reverse of title reads: Design and Composition by Stamford Weekly Mail / Printed At Holly Press, Stamford.   Includes “Plan of the Fort near Stamford…” 9th December, 1781.
Location: Ct, CtB, CtDar, CtHi, CtNhH, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, FFm, WHi.     Parks (No. 8589).
Abstract: “The hardships of the people of Stamford during the American Revolution are well known. Destruction of civilian property by British foraging raids, the loss of men who served in the patriot army and navy, and emigration of the Loyalists are some of the adversities they endured. These and other factors eventually influenced the State of Connecticut to order the construction of a garrison here.” Ronald Marcus, p. 1.
  10. Marcus, Ronald. Stamford Revolutionary War damage claims. Essex, Connecticut: Pequot Press, Inc. c1968, xii, 83 pp., paper covers, illus., introduction, notes, indices, bibliography, 23 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “Stamford / Revolutionary War / Damage Claims /     / Edited By / RONALD MARCUS / Historian /     / The PEQUOT [printers’ mark of the Pequot Press] PRESS, Inc./ Essex, Connecticut” 
Location: Ct, CtB, CtDabN, CtDar, CtEly, CtGre, CtHi, CtNc, CtNhH, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtU, CtWillE, CtWrf, CtY, DGU, DLC, ICU, MH, MB, NjP, ViU.             Gephart (No. 1730).       Kaminkow (p. 705).     Parks (No. 8623).
Abstract: “The manuscripts herein were compiled by the citizens of Stamford, Connecticut during the American Revolution for the purpose of abating their state taxes. While Stamford was not invaded and burned as Norwalk was, nevertheless a large portion of the civilian population suffered considerable personal property loss. The town was so close to the British lines that foraging or raiding expeditions from Long Island, New York presented a constant threat. Even more menacing were those individuals in Stamford who remained loyal to the King. The Loyalists, or Tories as they were called, plundered their neighbors of anything that was of value and movable. What could not be conveyed to the British troops for immediate use was retained either for barter or as spoils of war.” Ronald Marcus, p. vii.
  11. Martin, Edward Warren. “Stamford Street Railroad Co.”. Transportation Bulletin. 1976 Jan-Dec; (No. 83): pp. 1-80; ISSN: 0-910506-19-1.
Notes: Published by Connecticut Valley Chapter, Inc., of the National Railway Historical Society, Inc. Roger Borrup, editor, Warehouse Point, Connecticut. Printed at Warehouse Point, Connecticut. Published in both hard and paper covers. “This ISSUE is dated 1976 while being printed in 1978. Ever hopefully, No. 84 will be issued before the end of the year.” p. 3. 
Location: Ct, CtB, CtH, CtNc, CtS, CtSHi, DLC.       Kemp (p. 632).     Parks (No. 8590).
Abstract: Includes chapter titled A Ride Over the Stamford Trolley Lines in 1927. by Ed Wadhams.                                                                                                                  “In editing Ed Martin’s manuscript, writing various paragraphs from Ed Wadham’s many notes and recollections – and in writing the chapter on Stamford’s bus operations from Ed Wadham’s notes – I have gained a certain familiarity with the Stamford trolley system.   Though it was the familiar yellow Connecticut Company trolley cars that ran on the streets of Stamford, the division had a character of its own quite apart from the Connecticut Company.   At this late date in time (January 1978) I recognize the Stamford Division as a trolley operation just a little bit different from others. I now realize that I didn’t have much interest in or appreciation of Stamford car lines when I rode by trolley car from East Hartford to Stamford one Sunday back in the summer of 1932.”   Editor’s note, p. 3.   (Copyright 1978 by the Connecticut Valley Chapter, Inc., of the National Railway Historical Society, Inc. Reproduced with permission.)
  12. Massachusetts Historical Society. Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston, (Massachusetts): Massachusetts Historical Society; 1868; 736 pp. (Fourth Series; v. Vol. 8.) 
Notes: Imprint on title reads: Boston: Published by Wiggin and Lunt.             “The ‘Mather Papers,’ from which the contents of this volume have been principally selected, are contained in seven volumes of manuscripts, belonging to the ‘New-England Library,’ collected by the Rev. Thomas Prince, which was many years in the custody of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and is now deposited in the Public Library of the City of Boston. These manuscripts came into the hands of Mr. Prince in a miscellaneous mass, and were by him chronologically arranged in fasciculi, with occasional annotations.” Preface, p. xv.       For John Bishop’s letters to Increase Mather, see: pp. 298-316.   For additional references to John Bishop see: pp. 585-586, 623-626, 661.
Location: CaBVaU, CoU, Ct, CtNlC, CtSoP, CtU, CU-SB, DAU, DLC, DNLM, GEU, ICJ, ICN, INS, KyU, MBAt, MdBP, MH, MH-A, MH-AH, MH-L, Mi, MiD-B, MtU, MWA, MWiW-C, NbU, NcD, NcGU, NHi, NjP, NN, NPV, OOxM, OrP, OrU, P, PPA, PPL, PLF, PMA, PPPrHi, PSt, RP, RPJCB.                                                                For additional information on the “Prince Collection”, see: Boston Public Library, The Prince Library. A Catalogue of the collection of books and manuscripts which formerly belonged to the Reverend Thomas Prince, and was by him bequeathed to the Old South church, and is now deposited in the Public Library of the City of Boston. (1870).
Abstract: Estelle F. Feinstein, Stamford from Puritan To Patriot – The Shaping of a Connecticut Community 1641-1774. (1976), p. 38 states, “One of our few sources of primary materials on Stamford, other than official documents, is a series of letters that the Rev. John Bishop wrote to the Reverend Increase Mather, the President of Harvard College, that were delivered in the vessels of a wealthy local merchant, Captain Jonathan Selleck and have been preserved in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society.”   John Bishop to Increase Mather, Stamford, 5 m. 11 d. 1678. “Reverend Sr. & Dear Brother, – Yours of 3 mo. 28, ’78, I received; and as touching reports you enquire of (though in great haste, by reason of the vessels hastening away) I canot but make a short returne. There have been, doubtles things of a prodigious nre. among vs, by which we should be awakened; but it is to (be) bewailed, that the awful workes of God are so variously & vncertainly spoken of; as many times I find that we know not what to beleeve, nor how to be affected as we should with what we heare. …. As touching the Earthquake lately in these parts, I can speak to that as being sensible thereof, & many others in this Town, & other Townes also perceived the same; though more westward of vs it was more perceived, & more eastward, lesse. It was on an evening after the Sabbath viz. 12 m. 3. 77. Likewise on 4 m. 20, 78, a like noise was heard here by myself & many others, who took it to be an Earthquake, rather then thunder, considering circumstances, though the terrae-mocon not so perceptible. On the last day, same month, here was a violent storme of hail in several plantacons, one west & others east of vs, that did much damage as its said, & I do verily beleeve, though I forbear to mencon the quantity of that hail & the effects of it, because I canot fully beleeve all thats said of it. At Stamford it was only a storme of wind & rain, & that but short. This 5 m. 6 & 7 dayes, it pleased the Lord, after a great & threatning drought, to send a plentifull, sober & soaking rain, that sweetly refreshed the earth & revived its dying product.” John Bishop, p. 306.
  13. Mather, Increase. A relation of the troubles which have hapned in New-England, by reason of the Indians there. : From the year 1614 to the year 1675. : Wherein the frequent conspiracyes of the Indians to cutt off the English, and the wonderfull providence of God, in disappointing their devices, is declared. : Together with an historical discourse concerning the prevalency of prayer; shewing that New Englands late deliverance from the rage of the heathen is an eminent answer of prayer. Boston, (Massachusetts): Printed and sold by John Foster; 1677; [6], 76, [4], 19, [1] pp., 19 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A RELATION / Of the Troubles which have hapned in / New-England, / By reason of the Indians there : / From the Year 1614 . to the Year 1675. / Wherein the frequent Conspiracyes of the Indians to cutt off the / English, and the wonderfull providence of God, in / disappointing their devices, is declared. / Together with an Historical Discourse concerning the Prevalency of / PRAYER / shewing that New Englands late deliverance from the Rage of the / Heathen is an eminent Answer of Prayer. /   –   / By INCREASE MATHER / Teacher of a Church in Boston in New-England. /   –   / [Nine lines of quotations] /   –   / BOSTON; / Printed and sold by John Foster. 1677.” 
Location: CtY, DLC, ICN, MH, MWA, NN, ViU.       Sabin (No. 4627).       Evans (No. 238).
A reprint of the 1677 edition was published by the Arno Press, New York, (New York), 1972; ISBN: 0405032986.
For references to an attempted murder of a women in 1644 and the murder of John Whitmore in 1649, both of whom were residents of Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 57, 66 [misnumbered 62]-67.
Abstract: “Anno. 1649. Newhaven Colony was in apparent danger of being involved in trouble by reason of the Indians there : For at Stamford a man going forth to seek his cattel returned not home as was expected, nor could be found by the English that sought for him; but quickly after the Son of a Sagamore who lived near Stamford, came into the Town, and told the English that John Whitmore was murthered by an Indian called Toquattos, and to prove it, told them that Toquattos had some of his cloathes; and particularly his shirt made of Cotton-linnen. Hereupon the English and some Indians went into the woods to seek the murthered body for burial, but though they bestowed much time and labour, they could not find it. Diverse of the English at Stamford suspected the Sagamores son to be either the Author or accessory to the Marther, but had not satisfiing grounds to seize and charge him.

About two or three months after, Uncas coming to Stamford, calling the Indians thither, and enquiring after the murdered body, the fore mentioned Sagamores Son, and another suspected Indian called Kehoron fell a trembling, and hereby confirmed the suspition of the English, and wrought a suspition in some of the Mohegin Indians, so that they said these two Indians were Matchet, meaning they were guilty. Notwithstanding the Indians thereabouts excused the Sagamores Son, and accused Toquattos, & intimated that if the Sagamores Son should upon suspition be seized on by the English, the Indians would doe the like by some English, untill he should be set at liberty.” Increase Mather, pp 66 [misnumbered 62-]67.
  14. Mather, Moses. America’s appeal to the impartial world. Wherein the rights of the Americans, as men, British subjects, and as colonists; the equity of the demand, and of the manner in which it is made upon them by Great Britain, are stated and considered. And, the opposition made by the colonies to acts of Parliament, their resorting to arms in their necessary defence, against the military armaments, employed to enforce them, vindicated, …. Hartford, (Connecticut): Printed by Ebenezer Watson; 1775; 72 pp., paper covers, 19 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “AMERICA’s / APPEAL / TO / The Impartial WORLD. / Wherein the RIGHTS of the AMERICANS, as / MEN, BRITISH SUBJECTS, and as COLO- / NISTS ; the Equity of the Demand, and of the Man– / ner in which it is made upon them by Great-Britain, / are stated and considered.     And, /     / The Opposition made by the Colonies to Acts of Parlia- / ment, their resorting to ARMS in their necessary / DEFENCE, against the Military Armaments, / employed to enforce them, VINDICATED. /     / – / [Eight lines of quotations] / = / HARTFORD : / Printed by EBENEZER WATSON, 1775″ 
Location: CSmH, Ct, CtHi, CtSHi, CtY, DLC, ICN, InU, MB, MBAt, MH, MiU-C, MWA, NjPT, NN, NNUT, RPJCB, ViU.                                                                       Sabin (No. 1276 & 46770 note).       Evans (No. 14253).       Holmes (No. 11).       Dexter (Vol. 1, pp. 626-628).       Adams (No. 182).       Gephart (No. 3825).               Published anonymously.       Sabin (No. 1276 & 46770 note) credits the authorship to Mather and states in 46770 note, “America’s Appeal, Vol. 1., No. 1276, is probably by Moses Mather.”   Evans (No. 14253) credits the authorship to Moses Mather.   Holmes (No. 11) credits the authorship to Moses Mather.   Dexter (Vol. 1, pp. 626-628) credits the authorship to Moses Mather and states “He has also been thought to be the author of the following anonymous tract: America’s Appeal to The Impartial World. … Hartford, 1775.”         Adams (No. 182) states, “Advertised in the Connecticut Courant. for April 3, 1775. Attributed to Mather by Evans.”       Gephart (No. 3825) attributes the work to Moses Mather and states “Appendix, containing some thoughts on government, and American independence”: p. 65-72.   Horace E. Mather Lineage of Rev. Richard Mather. (1890), p. 120 states, “Rev. Dr. Moses Mather graduated at Yale College 1739, and was settled in Darien, Conn., formerly the parish of Middlesex, in the town of Stamford, Conn.”     For additional references to this pamphlet, see: Bernard Bailyn, Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. (1967), pp. 57, 67, 73, 79, 174, 183, 193, 224, 233, 235.                                                 
Abstract: “INDEPENDANCE consists in being under obligation to acknowledge no superior power on earth. The King by withdrawing his protection and levying war upon us, has discharged us of our allegiance, and of all obligations to obedience.” Moses Mather, pp. 68-69.
  15. Mather, Moses. A sermon, preached in the audience of the General Assembly of the state of Connecticut, : in Hartford, on the day of their anniversary election, May 10, 1781. New London, (Connecticut): Printed by Timothy Green, printer to the Governor and Company.; 1781; (5)-22 pp., paper covers, 21 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A / SERMON, / PREACHED IN THE AUDIENCE / OF THE / GENERAL ASSEMBLY / OF THE / STATE OF CONNECTICUT, / IN / HARTFORD, / ON THE DAY OF THEIR / ANNIVERSARY ELECTION, / MAY 10, 1781./     / – / By MOSES MATHER, M. A. / Pastor of the CHURCH in Middlesex. / – /     / NEW – LONDON: / Printed by TIMOTHY GREEN, Printer to the GOVERNOR / and COMPANY.   M,DCC,LXXXI [1781]”                                                         Half title reads: ” [printers’ ornament] / MR. MATHER’S / ELECTION / SERMON, ‘ MAY 10th, 1781. / [printers’ ornament]”                                                         Location: Ct, CtHi, CtSHi, CtY, MB, MH-AH, MHi, MiD, MWA, NHi, NjPT, OKentU, ViU.
Sabin (No. 46768).   Evans (No. 17236).   Holmes (No. 15).     Dexter (Vol. 1, p. 628). Vail (p. 240).   This work is cited in Gordon S. Wood, Empire of Liberty : A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815. Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 406-407.   Abstract: “Some have acted an open part, and have gone and joined the enemy; while others have chosen still to continue at home among us; who have been much more hurtful to us, and helpful to the enemy, than those who have gone off, and openly joined them. They, many of them, maintain a secret correspondence with the enemy, give them intelligence, carry on a clandestine trade with them; they lie as a dead weight, throwing every clog and hindrance in the way of all our movements and efforts for our own defence; to them it is principally owing, that our paper currency has suffered such a great and rapid depreciation; and our land so exhausted of provisions to feed the enemy, as greatly to distress and discourage our own army. Every argument therefore, which will justify us in our opposition to Great Britain, strongly plead for our most vigorous efforts to detect, and make examples of such secret enemies as endeavour to conceal themselves among us.” Moses Mather, pp. 11-12. 
For additional references to Election sermons, see: R. W. G. Vail, “Check list of New England election sermons.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. New Series, 1936 Oct 16; Vol. 45, Part 2; 36 pp. 
For additional references to counterfeiting and passing bogus Continental Congress currency by British agents during the American Revolution, see: Kenneth Scott, Counterfeiting in Colonial America. (1957), pp. 253-263.
  16. Mather, Moses. A systematic view of divinity; or, The ruin and recovery of man. Brooklyn, New York: Nathan Weed, A. Spooner, printer; 1813; xvi, [1], 18-246 pp., 20 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A / SYSTEMATIC / VIEW OF DIVINITY; / OR, / THE RUIN AND RECOVERY OF MAN. / [printers’ ornament] / BY MOSES MATHER, D. D. / LATE PASTOR OF THE CHURCH OF CHRIST IN STAMFORD, / (MIDDLESEX SOCIETY) CON. / [printers’ ornament] / [Two lines from Ezekiel] / – / STAMFORD, CON. / PUBLISHED BY NATHAN WEED. / 1813. / [printers’ ornament] / A. Spooner, Printer, Brooklyn.”
Location: CSmH, CtHT, CtSHi, CtY, DLC, GEU, MWA, NHi, NN, NNC, NNU, ViU.       Shaw & Shoemaker-1813 (No. 29122).       Holmes (No. 16).
For additional references to this book, see: Joseph Weed Recollections of a good man, Nathan Weed, of Stamford, Connecticut. – born September 17, 1760, died October 19, 1819. – by his son, Joseph Weed, of San Francisco, California. January 1880. p. 14.   /   Samuel Richards Weed In honor of a patriot; address in the Darien Congregational Church in commemoration of the centennial anniversary of the death of Rev. Moses Mather, D.D., September 30, 1906. pp. 3-4. 
Abstract: “A probationer for eternity, who must be accountable for his belief, as well as for his practice, can surely never need to apologize for his making a free inquiry into the principles of our holy religion. It is easier much, to take things upon trust, and to profess and practice according as things have been handed down by our predecessors, than to take the pains of examining for ourselves, that our faith may stand upon the clear evidence of the truth, rather than an implicit affiance in the sufficiency and certainty of those searches after truth, which have been made by such as have gone before us. But although a free inquiry is not only justifiable, but even laudable; yet a respect and veneration for our worthy predecessors ought so far to prevail, as to make us cautious how we depart from their sentiments; lest the love of novelty, (a passion incident to the human mind) should betray us into errors and dangerous mistakes: yet where the light of truth, upon a close and deliberate search after it, shines in upon the mind with its clear and convincing energy, it is not to be controlled by any human authority, though the most worthy among men. How far the author will be accused of departing from the beaten track in the following discourse, especially with respect to his manner of explaining some important points of the Christian system; or what censure may be passed upon him on account of it, cannot easily be determined before-hand.”   Moses Mather, pp. iii-iv.
  17. Matthies, Katharine. Trees of note in Connecticut. Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution; 1934; 34 pp., illus., map, 24 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “TREES OF NOTE / IN CONNECTICUT / COMPILED BY KATHARINE MATTHIES / For the Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution / [cut of the Daughters of the American Revolution’s insignia] / 1934″
For references to the Hequetch Sycamore tree in Stamford, Connecticut, see: p. 15.       Imprint on page following map reads: The Printing-Office of the Yale University Press. 
Location: AzU, CLobS, Ct, CtAns, CtBran, CtBris, CtDab, CtDer, CtFa, CtFaU, CtGre, CtH, CtHi, CtManc, CtMil, CtMW, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNm, CtNowi, CtOl, CtPut, CtRk, CtS, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtTmp, CtWal, CtWB, CtWhav, CtWind, CtY, CU, DLC, MEM, MH-A, MnHi, N, NBu, NN, TCU.                                                         For additional information on trees in Connecticut, see: Glenn D. Dreyer, Connecticut’s Notable Trees. Memoirs of the Connecticut Botanical Society No. 2, 1989. Revised and Updated (1990). ISBN 0-924771-25-9.
Abstract: “It was originally planned to call this book ‘Historic Trees in Connecticut,’ but there are so few trees that are really historic that it seems best to give it its present title. The trees here included are noted for their size, beauty, or age, or some incident connected with their history.   …….   HEQUETCH SYCAMORE       STAMFORD       This tree stands on ground which was the planting ground reserved for the Indians in their first deed to the white men at Stamford although later in 1667 the Indians also gave this planting ground to the white settlers. The original deed conveying it, and signed by the Indians, is in the custody of the Town Clerk. The land was known as ‘Hequetch’ and now belongs to Mrs. James S. Kline.” Katharine Matthies, pp. (7), 15.     (Copyright 1934 by Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution.   Reproduced with permission.)
  18. McClees, John V. “Baskets and their making.” Magazine Antiques. 1931 May; Vol. 19 (No. 5) pp. 383-385.
Notes: Published by The Magazine Antiques, New York, New York.
Location: AU, AzU, CLU, CoU, Ct, CtB, CtEhar, CtFaHi, CtH, CtHamd, CtHT, CtMy, CtNb, CtNh, CtNlC, CtNowi, CtPut, CtSoP, CtU, CtY, CU-S, DLC, GAT, GEU, IaAS, In, InU, LU, MH, MnU, NBuU, NcD, NcRS, NIC, NSyU, TxLT, UU, ViBlbV, ViU, ViW.   
This article includes photographs, statistical information, as well as a general description of the basket makers of Dantown; a community in the towns of Stamford and New Canaan, Connecticut.
  19. McCrackan, W. D. (William Denison), ed. The Huntington letters, in the possession of Julia Chester Wells. New York, New York: Appleton Press; 1897; (3), 220 pp., 18 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “THE HUNTINGTON / LETTERS / IN THE POSSESSION OF / JULIA CHESTER WELLS /     / EDITED BY / W. D. McCRACKAN / MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION / AUTHOR OF / “THE RISE OF THE SWISS REPUBLIC,” ETC. /   / PRINTED FOR PRIVATE DISTRIBUTION /   / THE APPLETON PRESS / NEW YORK, 1897″             For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 62-64, 115-118, 122-147.   
”The correspondents are various members of the family of Benjamin Huntington, of Norwich, Conn., the period covered being from 1761 to 1799. Most of the letters passed between the Hon. Benjamin Huntington himself and his wife Anne, when he was serving in the General Assembly of Connecticut at Hartford, or in the Continental and United States Congresses at Philadelphia, Princeton, and New York. Others were written by a daughter, Rachel Huntington, when on visits in New York, Stamford, (Connecticut), and Rome, N. Y., to her sisters, Lucy and Anne, in Norwich.   …..   The children of Benjamin and Anne Huntington were all born in Norwich: ….. Rachel, April 4, 1779 ….. Rachel married at Rome, N. Y., January 19, 1800, William Gedney Tracy, a merchant of Whitestown, N. Y., who was born in Norwich, Conn., November 15, 1768.”   Editor’s notes, pp. 2-3, 8.                                                                             
Location: Ct, CtSHi, CtSoP, CtY, DLC, ICU, MH, MWA, NcD, NjP, NN, OCl, OClW, Or.     Goodfriend (pp. 8-9).
Abstract: “STAMFORD day after fast 1797.   MY DEAR SISTER, the enclosed was written several days ago, & the careless postmaster neglected to send it to Norwich, but I am determined to send it by the next stage with the addition of another sheet, & I hope you will be glad to see it. – This afternoon the stage stop’d at the Stage house opposite here & Genl. E. Huntington & Mr. Zach Huntington were the first persons who met my eyes, & I felt as much delighted as I should at home at the sight of old acquaintance. General H calld to see Major Davenport, & was very polite to me, he told me all the Norwich news he could think of, & wish’d he could tell me better news about my father, but he was very lame, though much better than he had been. Mr. H – says that he believes his niece is very soon to be married to Mr. Mumford, & more dependance may be placed on that, than on the New York tattles, therefore I wish you not to mention what I have written concerning him in my other letter, to any one…. Sunday I have been to Church this day & heard Mr. Burnet, (who was at our house last Summer) preach, he dined here, & enquired after father, was very sociable & agreable in conversation, but no great orator …..   .” R(achel) Huntington to Anne H(untington), pp. 137-139.
  20. McGown, Russell M. “Rippowam ripples – A story of the relations of Church and Town in the beginnings of Stamford.” Stamford Historian. (1957); Vol. 1 (No. 2) pp. 111-116.
Notes: Published by The Stamford Historical Society, Inc., Stamford, Connecticut.         
Location: Ct, CtS, CtSHi.                 Kemp (p. 626).       Parks (No. 8583).
Abstract: “The Rev. Dr. McGown is the 20th in a distinguished series of ministers of the First Congregational Church over the 316 years of its existence in Stamford.”   Editor’s note, p. 111.                                                                                                                             
”We have been looking at the first century of life in Stamford, when the story of the town and of the First Congregational Church were so closely woven together. In these modern days when separation of Church and state and freedom of worship are such a cherished part of our American heritage, it is interesting to discover that this has not always been the case. The story of this little settlement on the banks of the Rippowam shows how different it was in the beginning, at least here in Connecticut.” Russell M. McGown, p. 116.
  21. McGraw-Hill Company. “Flexible lab is built using off-the-shelf components.” Architectural Record. 1974 Aug; Vol. 156, pp. 147-148; ISSN: 0003-858X.
Notes: Published by McGraw-Hill Company, New York, New York.                   
Location: AAP, C, CL, CLSU, CoCC, CoD, CoU, CSf, CSmH, CtB, CtH, CtHT, CtMW, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNlC, CtU, CtWB, CtY, CU, DCU, DeWI, DLC, DNGA, FTS, GA, I, IaU, IC, ICN, IEN, In, InI, InU, IU, LU, MA, MB, MBAt, MChB, MCM, MH, MNF, MNS, MdBE, MdBG, MdBP, MeB, MeBa, Mi, MiD, MiDU, MiGr, MiU, MtBC, NbU, NBuG, N, NcRS, NcU, NHC, NhD, NhU, NIC, NjP, NN, NNC, NNMM, NRU, NvU, OC, OCI, OCIMA, OClW, ODa, OkS, OOxM, OT, OU, PP, PSt, PU, RP, ScU, TxArU, ViW.     White (p. 3).
Abstract: “A high degree of flexibility and modularity are practically sine qua non for laboratories these days. But beyond these requirements, the Stamford Hospital Laboratory Addition by architects Perkins & Will had to be both designed and built rapidly. For this reason the architects and their engineers turned to simple, off-the-shelf items requiring a minimum of special fabrication: precast floor planking, package air-handling system, and modular laboratory furniture.” Architectural Record, p. 147.   (Reprinted with permission from Architectural Record, © 1974, The McGraw-Hill Companies. www.architecturalrecord.com.)
  22. — “Stamford, Connecticut becomes a center for suburban offices.” Architectural Record. 1977 Oct; Vol. 162, p. 41; ISSN: 0003-858X.
Notes: Published by McGraw-Hill Company, New York, New York.                   
Location: AAP, C, CL, CLSU, CoCC, CoD, CoU, CSf, CSmH, CtB, CtH, CtHT, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNlC, CtU, CtWB, CtY, CU, DCU, DeWI, DLC, DNGA, FTS, GA, GU, I, IaU, IC, ICN, IEN, In, Inl, InU, IU, LU, MA, MB, MBAt, MChB, MCM, MH, MNF, MNS, MdBE, MdBG, MdBP, MeB, MeBa, Mi, MiD, MiGr, MiU, MtBC, N, NbU, NBuG, NcRS, NcU, NHC, NhD, NhU, NIC, NjP, NN, NNC, NNMM, NRU, NvU, OC, OCI, OCIMA, OClW, ODa, OkS, OOxM, OT, OU, PP, PSt, PU, RP, ScU, TxArU, ViW.       White (p. 5).
Abstract: “A 58,000-square-foot office building has been designed by architects Robert Wagenseil Jones & Associates.” Architectural Record, p. 41.     (Reprinted with permission from Architectural Record, © 1977, The McGraw-Hill Companies. www.architecturalrecord.com.)
  23. — “Upgrading downtown: Victor Gruen Associates – Stamford: Plan for a fast-growing city.” Architectural Record. 1965 Jun; Vol. 137, pp. 184-185; ISSN: 0003-858X.
Notes: Published by McGraw-Hill Company, New York, New York.                   
Location: AAP, C, CL, CLSU, CoCC, CoD, CoU, CSf, CSmH, CtB, CtH, CtHT, CtMW, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNlC, CtU, CtWB, CtY, CU, DCU, DeWI, DLC, DNGA, FTS, GA, GU, I, IaU, IC, ICN, IEN, In, InI, InU, IU, LU, MA, MB, MBAt, MChB, MCM, MH, MNF, MNS, MdBE, MdBG, MdBP, MeB, MeBa, Mi, MiD, MiDU, MiGr, MiU, MnCS, MnM, MnS, MnSJ, MnU, MoK, MoS, MoSW, MoU, MtBC, N, NbU, NBuG, NcRS, NcU, NHC, NhD, NhU, NIC, NjP, NN, NNC, NNMM, NRU, NvU, OC, OCI, OCIMA, OClW, ODa, OkS, OOxM, OT, OU, PP, PAt, PU, RP, ScU, TxArU, ViW.         White (p. 5).
Abstract: “Stamford, Connecticut, unlike many other East Coast cities, has had a continuous population growth – both within city boundaries and in the surrounding region. So the basic economic conditions for renewal have long been favorable. Its major problems: One-fourth of all downtown buildings are substandard or deteriorated beyond repair, traffic is chaotic, and there is a severe shortage of parking space. The city government, from the time it first began considering renewal, elected to use urban renewal assistance; and in an unusual move, it chose the sponsor on the basis of direct negotiations before the preparation of any specific redevelopment plan. The sponsor (S. Pierre Bonan and F. D. Rich Company) was committed to retain a planning and architectural firm `of good reputation, acceptable to the city.’ The city then retained its own consultants.” Architectural Record. p. 184.     (Reprinted with permission from Architectural Record, © 1965, The McGraw-Hill Companies. www.architecturalrecord.com.)
  24. McGraw-Hill, Inc. “Mannerly office building in Connecticut boom town.” Architectural Record. 1983 Feb; Vol. 171 (No. 2) pp. 102-107; ISSN: 0003-858X.
Notes: Published by McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, New York.
Location: AAP, C, CL, CLSU, CoCC, CoD, CoU, CSf, CSmH, CtB, CtH, CtHT, CtMW, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNlC, CtU, CtWB, CtWhar, CtY, CU, DCU, DeWI, DLC, DNGA, FTS, GA, GU, I, IaU, IC, ICN, IEN, In, InI, InU, IU, LU, MA, MB, MBAt, MChB, MCM, MH, MNF, MNS, MdBE, MdBG, MdBP, MeB, MeBa, Mi, MiD, MiDU, MiGr, MiU, MnCS, MnM, MnS, MnU, MoK, MoS, MoSW, MoU, MtBC, N, NbU, NBuG, NcRS, NcU, NHC, NhD, NhU, NIC, NjP, NN, NNC, NNMM, NRU, NvU, OC, OCI, OCIMA, OClW, ODa, OkS, OOxM, OT, OU, PP, PSt, PU, RP, ScU, TxArU, ViW.
Abstract: “While designing for a ‘context’ in Stamford may be uphill work, (Ulrich) Franzen has made conscious gestures to the city with a pair of hollow cubed portals, framed with the same pewter-colored aluminum that faces the building. At the main entrance, the portal bestrides a diagonal path from a corner of Atlantic Street, which leads directly downtown. Since most employees and visitors enter from the garage at the back of the site, this front door is largely symbolic.

The portal in the open plaza, which parallels the city grid and the conforming paving squares, carries a heavier contextual and symbolic burden. For the viewer standing in the courtyard, it frames the eclectic post office across the street – ‘the nicest building in Stamford,’ Franzen thinks. From the street, the portal leads to the company’s ‘theme park,’ a miniature forest of Eastern white pines referring to Champion’s line of forest products (paper, plywood and other timber construction materials). When fully grown, the forest will take a loose ‘wild’ shape in deliberate contrast to the constraining urbanization around it. A handsome 35-foot Colorado blue spruce dominates the center of the plaza.”   Architectural Record. p. 102.   (Reprinted with permission from Architectural Record, © 1983, The McGraw-Hill Companies. www.architecturalrecord.com.)
  25. Mead, B. H. (Benjamin Heath). “Acquisition of the Betsy Barnum Home.” Stamford Historian. 1954; Vol. 1 (No. 1) pp. 19-20.
Notes: Published by The Stamford Historical Society, Inc., Stamford, Connecticut.       
Location: Ct, CtS, CtSHi, CtStr.       Kemp (p. 627). 
Abstract: “Judge Mead was President of the Stamford Historical Society from 1941 to 1947. It was during this time that the Society purchased the Betsy Barnum house which is now our Headquarters Building. Mr. Mead acted as the Society’s agent in the transaction. The house is believed to be the oldest remaining house in Stamford. A decade ago two others predated it, but one was torn down, and the other taken down and moved to Darien. In this article Mr. Mead records some of the details of the negotiations and early history of the house. Mr. Mead, a legal partner of Mr. Fuller, another of our authors, was a Judge of the Stamford City Court some years ago.” Editor’s note, p. 19. “The writer and the then President of the Society learned that the Agnes C. Bemish home on Bedford Street was on the market for sale. We negotiated with the First Stamford National Bank and Trust Company, which was Trustee for the Bemish Estate, and a gentleman’s agreement was made with the bank to give us time to bring the matter before the membership before selling to another. There was another who wanted the property. The Society finally voted to buy at the price arrived at after some negotiations of $13,500., all cash. The Bank was happy to sell to us, as it felt our Society should own it, as it was one of the oldest houses in Stamford. The date of the purchase was July 23, 1943. But it was not until 1950 that the Society was able to take over the house for public use as its headquarters. At the time of purchase, there were two other houses believed to be older, one stood on the corner of West Main Street and Clinton Avenue which in 1941 was removed and erected somewhere else. The other was the old red house which stood a short distance above the Bemish house and was owned by the late Theodore Ferris. We examined that house but found it in such bad condition, that we abandoned hope of owning it. This house has also been torn down, so that our new home is the oldest building in Stamford.” Benjamin Heath Mead, pp. 19-20.
  26. Medical Woman’s National Association. “Dr. Stella Quinby Root memorial nursery.” Medical Woman’s Journal. 1943 Jun; Vol. 50, pp. 143-144, 160; ISSN: 0096-6819.
Notes: Published by the Medical Women’s National Association, Washington, D. C. Includes a photograph of Dr. Root seated at her desk.   
Location: CtSHi, CtY-M, DNLM, MH.       Chaff, Haimbach, Fenichel & Woodside (No. 3493)             
Article regarding the dedication of Stamford Hospital’s Nursery in memory of Dr. Stella Quinby Root.
  27. Melish, John. Travels in the United States of America, in the years 1806 & 1807, and 1809, 1810, & 1811 : including an account of passages betwixt America and Britain, and travels through various parts of Great Britain, Ireland, and Upper Canada ; illustrated by eight maps. Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania): Printed for the author, and for sale by the different booksellers in the United States, and by Thomas & George Palmer, agents for the author. T. & G. Palmer, printers. 1812; 2 vols., illus., maps (4 fold., inc. front.), 22 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “TRAVELS / IN THE / UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, / IN THE YEARS / 1806 & 1807, and 1809, 1810, & 1811 ; / INCLUDING / AN ACCOUNT OF PASSAGES BETWIXT AMERICA AND BRITAIN, / AND / TRAVELS / THROUGH / VARIOUS PARTS OF GREAT BRITAIN, IRELAND, / AND / UPPER CANADA. / ILLUSTRATED BY EIGHT MAPS. / [printers’ ornament] / BY JOHN MELISH. / [printers’ ornament] / IN TWO VOLUMES / VOL. 1. [Vol. 2 in second vol.] / [printers’ ornament] / PHILADELPHIA, / PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR, / And for sale by the different Booksellers in the United States, / And by / THOMAS & GEORGE PALMER, / Agents for the Author. / 1812. / T. & G. Palmer, printers.”
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: Vol. 1, pp. 122, 128.
Location: CaBVaU, CaOTP, CSt, Ct, CtMW, CtU, CtY, DI-GS, DLC, FMU, ICJ, KyU, MB, MdBP, MH, MiU, MiU-C, MWA, NcD, NIC, NjP, NjR, NN, NNC, OClWHi, OCU, OkU, OOxM, ViU, ViW, WHi.           Sabin (No. 47436)         Shaw & Shoemaker – 1812 (No. 26062).
Abstract: “We continued our course through Fairfield and Norwalk, said to be considerable and pleasant towns; and at 12 o’clock reached Stamford, 44 miles from Newhaven, where we stopped for the night. In our way, we passed a number of rivers of inferior note, and part of the country appeared to be rough, and the road very bad; but we were informed that a new line of turnpike road was in forwardness, and would soon be finished.             ……………………………………………………………………………
SEPTEMBER 6 [1806]. This morning, at 3 o’clock, we took our seats in the stage. I was diverted by a dialogue between the two drivers, in which the word guess occurred so frequently, that I could hardly hear any thing else. “I guess this string’s not long enough. “O yes, I guess it is.” O yes, I guess I’ll make it do.” “There, – I guess you’ve fixed it.” “Yes, I guess you guess right.” Leaving Stamford we passed several creeks. The morning was raw and foggy. At the dawn of day, we reached a considerable rising ground, called Horseneck, and we alighted, and walked up the hill, by a winding road.” John Melish, Vol. 1, pp. 122, 128.
  28. Merritt, Helen N. Memoirs of a Darien high school teacher. n. p.: [Privately printed]; (197-?), (ii), 65 pp., table of contents, paper covers, 28 cm. 
Notes: Title on cover reads: “MEMOIRS / OF / A DARIEN / HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER /     / Helen N. Merritt” 
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 10-14, 18, 29-30, 49, 61.                 
Location: CtDar, CtNc, CtSHi.       Parks (No. 3155).             
For additional information on Dr. Helen N. Merritt’s years as a student at Stamford High School, see: Quarterly [Graduation Issue], June 1918, Vol. 15, No. 4, p. 166.
Though residents of New Canaan, both Helen Merritt and her brother Irving attended Stamford High School. At that time, neither Darien nor New Canaan had a public high school. The only options available for young residents of these towns were to either attended private schools or commute to Stamford. Helen and Irving as well as many others, took the New Canaan train down to the Stamford railroad station, walked to the high school which was then on Forest Street and returned home via the same route daily.
  29. Middlebrook, Louis F. (Louis Frank). History of maritime Connecticut during the American Revolution 1775-1783. Salem, Massachusetts: Essex Institute; 1925; 2 vols., illus., ports, maps, index, 24 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “HISTORY OF / MARITIME CONNECTICUT / DURING THE / AMERICAN REVOLUTION / 1775 – 1783 / – / BY LOUIS F. MIDDLEBROOK / – / VOLUME 1 [VOLUME 2] / [cut of an anchor] / SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS / THE ESSEX INSTITUTE / 1925″   
Imprint on reverse of title reads: ” Copyright 1925, by / THE ESSEX INSTITUTE / Edition limited to 1250 copies /     / NEWCOMB & GAUS, Printers / SALEM, MASS.”       For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: Vol. 1, pp. 9, 15, 43, 130-132, 135, 197, 205, 208-209.     Vol. 2, pp. 1, 17, 119, 122, 137, 189-190, 205, 255-258, 260-264, 268.                           
Location: CaOTP, C-S, Ct, CtAns, CtB, CtChh, CtDer, CtEly, CtFar, CtFaU, CtGu, CtH, CtHi, CtM, CtMer, CtMil, CtNb, CtNbC, CtNh, CtNhHi, CtNm, CtNowa, CtNowi, CtOl, CtS, CtShel, CtSHi, CtSi, CtSoP, CtStr, CtU, CtWal, CtWB, CtWhav, CtWind, CtWtp, CtY, CU, DLC, DN, DSI, GU, KMK, MB, MH, MiU, MoU, MWA, NcGW, NcRS, OClWHi, OO, OrU, PHi, PP, PPL, TU, TxU, UU, WaS.         Kemp (p. 71).       Collier (p. 78).       Gephart (No. 7346).     Parks (No. 1227).       
Abstract: “Towards the western end of the Sound, in Fairfield County, the naval activities were of a more desperate nature, and most of the raids on the British shipping were made by means of whale-boats and galleys from Fairfield, Norwalk, Stamford and Greenwich, where the Sound is narrow, and where nocturnal expeditions were frequent, both by the British and the Colonists. The British would form night parties from their camps on Long Island and make depredations on the farms over in Connecticut, taking off cattle, sheep, produce, and hostages when possible; and the Colonists would make counter excursions, and bring back British, Hessians and Tories as hostages, and any British shipping they could lay their hands on. Of the latter there was considerable, because of the necessity of drawing upon all of Long Island – as well as what could be seized in Connecticut – to provide and transport fuel, forage and food for their forces in and about New York. Long Island, being subdued early in the war, was occupied and controlled by the British. This made it a retreat for Tories and a valuable terrain for camps and supplies of all kinds. Whole estates were crippled and confiscated quite generally for this purpose, and many of the best families of Long Island fled, with what effects they could bring with them, to Connecticut for asylum, as shown by the numerous memorials and petitions to the Connecticut General Assembly.” Louis Frank Middlebrook, Vol. 2, p. (1).       (Copyright 1925 by the Essex Institute. Reproduced with permission.)
  30. Mitchell, Ralph A. Standard catalog of Depression scrip of the United States : the 1930’s including Canada and Mexico. Shafer, Neil. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications; 1984; 318 pp., illus., bibliography, paper covers, 28 cm. ISBN: 0873410475.
Notes: Title page reads: “standard catalog of / DEPRESSION SCRIP / of the UNITED STATES / the 1930s / including Canada / and Mexico / by / Ralph A. Mitchell / and / Neil Shafer /   / DEDICATED TO / VERNON L. BROWN / For His Pioneering Research On The Subject /     / money sets all the world in motion. / Publilius Syrus / Circa 42 B. C. /   / FIRST EDITION” 
Location: CL, CoD, CtHi, DLC, DSI, L, MB, MiD, MoK, NBu, NjP, OCl, TxDa, WHi.
Rev. ed. of: Depression scrip of the United States / by Charles V. Kappen and Ralph A. Mitchell. 1961-
For references to historical background of Clearing House Association Scrip and the Stamford Clearing House Association Certificates, see: pp. 19, 55. Although $250,000 in excess of the approved sum of $1,500,000 was printed, none of the certificates were ever sent out as a medium of exchange.
  31. Mitchell, Walter. Poem delivered at the Flag – Raising, Stamford, July 4th, 1861. (Stamford, Connecticut): Stamford Advocate; 1861; (3)-8 pp., paper covers, 19 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “Poem / Delivered At The Flag – Raising, / Stamford, July 4th, 1861. / By / Rev. Walter Mitchell. / – / Published By Request / – / ‘Stamford Advocate’ Print / 1861”                                                                                                                                
Location: Ct, CtHT, CtSHi, CtY, PU, RPB.       Wegelin (p. 28).                 
For additional references to this poem, see: Elijah Baldwin Huntington, Stamford Soldiers’ Memorial. (1869), pp. 18-19. / Stamford Advocate, July 12, 1861, p. 2.     Author was assistant, latter rector of St. John’s Episcopal Church, Stamford, Connecticut.
Abstract: “For more, we ask not – only this, to see                                                                           
That Flag triumphant where it used to be;                                                                         
Again restoring what our sires begun,                                                                             
Its ancient watchword – ‘OUT OF MANY, ONE!'” Walter Mitchell, p. 8.
  32. Mitchell, Walter. Poems. New York, New York: John F. Trow, Printer; 1860; 35 pp., 16 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “POEMS. /     / BY / REV. WALTER MITCHELL /     / NEW YORK: / JOHN F. TROW, PRINTER, 50 GREENE ST., / (BETWEEN GRAND AND BROOME.) / 1860.”
Location: CSmH, CtY, IU, MB, MH, NBuG, NNC, RPB.       Wegelin (p. 27). 
Abstract: “PREFACE – The following Poems were written at different times, and for different occasions. Some have been already printed; others see the light now for the first time. The object for which they are now printed is, to aid the Fair for the purpose of furnishing St Andrew’s Free Mission Chapel, in the town of Stamford; and the excellence of the cause must be the excuse for all defects in metre, rhythm, or sentiment, which critical eyes may find in the verses.     STAMFORD, July 19th, 1860.”
  33. Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham). “History of that extensive commotion of the atmosphere along the coast of North America, which commenced off Cape Hatteras, on the 23d of December, 1811, and progressed to Massachusetts Bay on the 24th, in the form of a northerly snow storm, causing an unusual number of shipwrecks in Long-Island Sound.” Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York. 1815; Vol. 1, pp. 331-340.
Notes: New-York, (New York): Published for the Society by Van Winkel and Wiley 1815-1825.
Location: CLSU, CtY, DLC, MH, N, NBu, NCH, NN, NNC, NNM, NNNAM, NSchU, PBL.             Shaw & Shoemaker (No. 35116).
For additional information on Samuel Latham Mitchill, see: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 8, pp. 69-71.
Abstract: “With an intention to trace the great currents of our atmosphere, and thereby to furnish additional materials for a correct theory of the winds, I now methodize the facts that have come to my knowledge, concerning a dreadful commotion of the air which happened on the 23d and 24th of December, 1811.
…………………………………………………………………………..
Perhaps there never was a time when more damage was sustained by shipwreck on the north side of Long-Island. The wind pouring from the north, rendered it a fatal lee shore, from one end to the other of the sound. We are very apt to forget the occurrences of the weather, and the damage done by storms; but a few facts taken from the registers of marine intelligence will enable a judgment to be formed:
’We understand the late snow storm has been uncommonly severe to the eastward, and that the roads between this city and Boston are almost impassable. We further learn that the Boston mail stage, which left this city on Tuesday morning at eight o’clock, only reached Stratford on Thursday night, a distance of about sixty miles.’
…………………………………………………………………………..
’Mr. Holly’s mill-dam, at Stamford, was washed away. Mr. Joseph Crawford’s dwelling house, at New-Canaan, was unroofed, without injuring the family. A barn at Stamford was blown down. A free negro man named Robert, was frozen to death on the road, near Stamford. A negro man at South Salem, aged about eighty, deserted his dwelling during the storm in search of a more secure place, and froze to death on the road.'”       Samuel L. Mitchill, pp. 332, 336, 337-338.
  34. Morgan, Ethel Palmer. Reminiscences by Ethel Palmer Morgan. Princeton, New Jersey: Privately printed [by] Haskins Press; 1964; (5)-55-(3) pp., paper covers, ports., illus., 23 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: ” “All of this I saw, and part of this I was.” / (Vergil) /     / Reminiscences / by / Ethel Palmer Morgan /         / Privately printed at Princeton, N. J. / HASKINS PRESS / 1964″     
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 5-6, 8, 13-17, 54.       
Location: CtSHi, NjP. 
Ethel Palmer Morgan, daughter of Lowell Mason Palmer, describes in detail, her father’s summer estate ‘Edgewood’ (or ‘Fernwood’) which was located on the West Side of Stamford, Connecticut during the first quarter of the twentieth century. Embracing over one hundred acres, it was noted for its extensive gardens.
  35. Morgan, John. A vindication of his public character in the station of director-general of the military hospitals, and physician in chief to the American Army ; anno. 1776. Boston, (Massachusetts): Printed by Powars and Willis; 1777; xliii, [1], 158 pp., paper covers, 20 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A / VINDICATION / OF HIS PUBLIC CHARACTER / IN THE STATION / OF / DIRECTOR-GENERAL / OF THE / MILITARY HOSPITALS, / AND / PHYSICIAN IN CHIEF / TO THE / AMERICAN ARMY; / ANNO, 1776. /   –   / BY JOHN MORGAN, M. D. F. R. S. / PROFESSOR of the Theory and Practice of / PHYSICK in the College of PHILADELPHIA; / Member of several Royal Colleges and Academies, / and Philosophical and Literary Societies, in EUROPE / and AMERICA. /   =   / BOSTON: Printed by POWARS AND WILLIS. / M,DCC,LXXVII. [1777].”
Location: CtHi, DLC, DNLM, MBAt, MeB, MH, MnU, MWA, NjP, NjR, NN, P, PPiU, PU.       Sabin (No. 50562).     Evans (No. 15447).       Gephart (No. 1407).       Austin (No. 1337).
For references to Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. xxxiv, 12, 23, 121, 132-138.
For additional information on John Morgan, see: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. 7, pp. 172-174. / Whitfield J. Bell, Jr. John Morgan, Continental doctor. (1965).
Abstract: “[1776] It being in the most viol[e]nt heat of summer, and so the leis wanted, I ordered the greater part of the rugs and blankets, the newest and best bedding, of which I had collected a very large stock, and a thousand sheets of which I had lately got to the amount of near two thousand, many of them new, and a number of new shirts, at New-York, to be set apart for the purpose; and a large quantity of heavy hospital furniture, some of the largest bell metal and iron mortors, a number of crates of vials and gally pots, the largest bottles, with the most bulky articles, and those in the least demand, as some hogsheads and casks of cascarilla, and other such particulars as we could best spare, to accompany them. To these, I ordered a share of whatever we had in so great a plenty, as not to fear being soon desti[t]ute of them, to be added, with a small assortme[nt] of chosen medicines, to be made up, and kept together in one or two suitable boxes, as a reserve, most likely to be wanted, and the most easily to be got at, on any pressing occation. In the mean while, the British troops landed at Long-Island, and many officers and some Surgeons, perhaps the very men, who were afterwards foremost in the clamour, for want of medicines, came to the hospital, and expressing their apprehensions for the safety, took upon them to be very importunate for the removal of the hospital stores. I met the Adjutant-General, and told him in what state they were, and as reports of some frigates being shortly expected to appear in the sound prevailed, I proposed, once more, to know the General’s mind, with regard to the removal of the stores : He told me he had heard the General express himself on the subject very lately, with wishes of their being gone ; whereupon he, believing it to be so, informed him of such his assurance, that they were already sent away; and urged me to loose no time to have it done. A small transport being forthwith engaged, the abovementioned stores, amounting to eighteen tons, were imm[edi]ately put on board, and sent off, under the care of Doctor Ledyard, of the hospital; they were safely landed at Stamford, and committed to the care of John Lloyd, Esq; of that place, who stored them in his own house.

An apprehension and alarm prevailing soon after, that the enemy were about to make a sudden descent upon that place, and might destroy the stores if not removed farther from the sound; Mr. Lloyd wrote to the General on the subject, and received his commands in return; in pursuance of which the Committee had them removed further into the interior country, and particularly the most valuable were conveyed to no less a distance than fifty miles, for safety; of which I had no notice at the time, but have since obtained a copy of the General’s order for their removal, and a certificate from the Committee at Stamford, of their removal, in virtue of the General’s said order, contained in the following letter.

To. JOHN LLOYD, Esquire, at Stamford
SIR,                             New-York, August 31, 1776.
I have it in command from his Excellency General Washington, to acknowledge your favour of this date, and to request in his name, that you will apply to the Committee of Stamford for assistance to remove the stores in your possession, to such place or places as you and they may judge necessary for their security. Whatever expences shall attend their removal, will be punctually paid, as soon as the bill thereof is rendered. As these stores are of great use, and may be of the utmost consequence, and things are so circumstanced here, that persons and carriages, proper to convey them, cannot be sent; his Excellency is hopeful you will excuse this trouble, and that yours and the Committee’s kind exertions will most readily be employed upon this occasion.
 I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant, 
     ROB. H. HARRISON, Secretary.
A true Copy, JOHN LLOYD.

Long-Island was abandoned to the British troops, 3 days before the date of the above letter; and in less than 3 weeks more, New-York also fell into their hands. With difficulty could the remaining hospital stores be saved, by transporting them, over the North river to the Jerseys, and thence to Newark. And yet it was within ten days from that time, and whilst I was taking measures to overlook and put in order the medicines, and to get a fresh list of capital articles wanted to affort them, that, owing to the clamours beforementioned, I received that severe and unmerited reprehension, quoted in my narrative, page 13. 

I wrote to Philadelphia for medicines, but could get none, or near to none. The Gentlemen, to whom I wrote, acquainted me their shops were exhausted. From the Continental Druggist I obtained a very small supply indeed, with a proper apology for it. 

Under all these difficulties, I did not slacken my endeavours to obtain a supply. I sent through the different States of New-England, and applied, in person, to the State of New-York, at Fish-Kills, and, not long after, had hospitals established at Stamford and Norwalk, well supplied with medicines and other stores, the former of which, received into it above 1200 patients, who were comfortably provided for, under the care of Doctor Philip Turner, most of whom recovered; and the latter above 700, under the care of Doctor Eustis; both of whom furnished, from the hospital, all Regimental Surgeons who applied, with whatever medicines they called for, to the full of their demands. By the exact accounts and returns of the patients received into the hospital at Stamford, from November 5th, to the time of my dismission being known there, in February following, the amount was near thirteen hundred, of whom the number, remaining in the hospital, was then reduced to twenty-five in all. Doctor Eustis informed me, that upwards of seven hundred sick and wounded were well provided for, by means with which I had sufficiently furnished him, whom he was enabled to attend, much to their satisfaction ; and that when he left Norwalk, in March, the number remaining was reduced to eight or ten.”   John Morgan, pp. 134-137.
  36. Morrell, Samuel W. “My search for veterans’ graves.” Stamford Historian. (1957); Vol. 1 (No. 2) pp. 135-138.
Notes: Published by The Stamford Historical Society, Inc., Stamford, Connecticut.       
Location: Ct, CtS, CtSHi.                   Kemp (p. 625).   Parks (No. 8591).
Abstract: “The number of Stamford veterans has increased almost geometrically thru the years due both to population growth and to the increasing proportion of the population inducted in later wars. The number of veteran graves has increased almost as fast. Government agencies and veteran organizations would be expected to keep track of such things, but it has remained for a private citizen, Mr. Morrell, himself a non-veteran, to locate and mark all Stamford veterans’ graves. With a dedication that is almost a sacred duty, he has assumed the obligation of methodically recording the passing of all Stamford veterans, and seeing that their graves all are properly marked. This unique and patriotic service is not fully appreciated. We hope that by publishing this article we can bring greater recognition to this unselfish American.” Editor’s note, p. 135.
  37. Morris, Robert T. (Robert Tuttle). Fifty years a surgeon. New York, New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc.; 1935; 346, [1] pp., front., port., d.w., 25 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “FIFTY YEARS / A SURGEON / [printers’ ornament] / By ROBERT T. MORRIS / M.D. /       / Frontispiece / [printers’ ornament] / E. P. DUTTON & CO., INC. / New York / 1935” 
For references to Dr. Robert T. Morris’ estate called Merribrooke, in both Greenwich and Stamford, Connecticut, where he cultivated nut trees, see: pp. 329-339. In 1899, this property was brought to his attention by a friend, the naturalist Ernest Thompson Seton. 
Location: AAP, CaBVaU, CoU, CtEhar, CtFaU, CtNh, CtSHi, CtU, CtWB, CtWhar, CtY, DLC, DN, DNLM, IdU, INS, MB, MH, MU, NcD, NcRS, NcU, NIC, NN, OCl, OClW, OKentU, OO, Or, OrCS, OrP, OU, PP, PPC, PPL, PPT, TU, UU, ViU, WaS.
  38. Morse, Hallock & Co. “Dr. Givens’ Sanitarium at Stamford, Conn.: An ideal home for invalids.” New York Observer. 1902 May 1; Vol. 80 (No. 18) p. 574.
Notes: Published by Morse, Hallock & Co., New York, New York.
Location: CtY, DLC, MH, MiU.
”This orthodox Presbyterian publication was begun in 1823 by Sidney Edwards Morse and Richard Cary Morse, brothers of the inventor Samuel Morse. Religious topics and viewpoints were the main focus of the newspaper, representing the conservative part of the Presbyterian church.   ……   The New York Observer was one of the important New York journals in the period after the Civil War and Editors and Proprietors, Sidney E. Morse Jr. & Co., claimed the newspaper’s independence from the Presbyterian church. Religious news and topics were still the main focus, but events of the Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Baptists, and Unitarians were covered. By the 1880’s the publication was practically undenominational. The New York Observer switched to a smaller size publication in the 1890’s and lost its newspaper character.” Library of Congress.
Abstract: “Stamford, Connecticut, about fifty minutes’ ride from New York on the main line of the N. Y., N. H. and H. R. R., is one of the pleasantest towns on Long Island Sound. It is one of the older cities of New England, and its inhabitants have always taken great pride in its progress and improvement. About two miles from the centre of the city towards North Stamford, is Dr. Amos J. Givens’ Sanitarium, known as Stamford Hall.

The principal buildings, a spacious mansion and five elegant detached cottages, grouped about the main building, with a view to park like order and architectural symmetry, are erected on the crest and southerly slope of a small hill commanding an extensive and magnificent view of a wide and diversified stretch of landscape. This sanitarium was founded by Dr. A. J. Givens, for the treatment of nervous and mental diseases, and for narcotic and alcoholic habitués. It was opened several years age on a small scale, his intention being only to receive a few patients. Soon the reputation of the place and the success of the treatment adopted were noised abroad, with the result that patients began to come from all parts of the country. The result was naturally an increase of accommodations, so that now within the grounds there are besides the main house, five cottages, all furnished in first class style. The separate cottage arrangement affords the advantage of treating different forms of disease in buildings adapted to the specific purpose. Dr. Givens treats primarily mild mental and nervous cases, but there is one cottage set apart for the treatment of drug and alcoholic patients.”     New York Observer, p. 574.
  39. Moss, Charles successively Bishop of Saint David’s and of Bath and Wells. A sermon [on Romans 11 : 25, 26] preached before the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts: at their anniversary meeting in the parish church of St. Mary-le-Bow, on Friday, February 21, 1772. London: Printed by T. Harrison and S. Brooke.; 1772; xxx, 58, [1] pp., paper covers, 21 cm. 
Notes: Title page reads: “A / SERMON / Preached before the / Incorporated SOCIETY / FOR THE / Propagation of the Gospel in / Foreign Parts; / AT THEIR / ANNIVERSARY MEETING / IN THE / Parish Church of ST. MARY-LE-BOW, / On FRIDAY February 21, 1772. / – / By the Right Reverend / CHARLES Lord Bishop of ST. DAVID’S. / – / / – / LONDON: / Printed by T. HARRISON and S. BROOKE, / in Warwick-Lane. / – / MDCCLXXII [1772].”
Location: CtHT, CtSoP, CtY.
Includes “An abstract of the charter, and of the Proceedings of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts” (pp. 1-37) has running title: “An abstract of the Proceedings of the Society.”
Abstract: “The Rev. Mr. Dibblee, Missionary at Stamford in Connecticut, assures the Society, that his mission, in all parts, is in good state, and that, by perserving diligence, he has been of use to the people in training them to the ways of God and religion. He has made his usual visits to Danbury and Sharon, and preached at Amenia in New York, where a new church has been built. His baptisms are 68; communicants 85.”   An abstract of the Proceedings of the Society, pp. 19-20.
  40. Muhlfeld, Diane. “As the steamy days of summer descend, Gelato Paradiso offers its patrons a cooling, flavorful respite.” Living In Stamford. 2001 Jun-Jul; Vol. 3 (No. 1 [i.e.4]) pp. 118-119; ISSN: 1524-6183.
Notes: Published by Living In Stamford, Stamford, Connecticut.
Location: CtSHi.
Abstract: “Paradiso owners Suzanne and Sante Proietti opened their doors in August 1997, after they searched all over Fairfield County for the perfect location. Stamford was ideal because ‘many people know gelato,’ says Suzanne.

For those who don’t know gelato, it’s, well, ambrosial – creamier than basic American ice cream with less air, more intense flavor and less butterfat. Not to be confused with sorbets, which are simply made of fresh fruit, water and sugar, gelato is made with milk, cream or custard. The secret lies in ‘the balance of ingredients,’ says Sante. Pistachios, for example have less sugar than hazelnuts, hence the mix is adjusted accordingly.”     Diane Muhlfeld, p. 118.   (Copyright 2001 by Living In Stamford. Reproduced with permission.)
  41. Munn & Company. “Ancient Egyptian versus modern pin locks.” Scientific American. 1899 Sep 2; Vol. 81 (No. 10) p. 155; ISSN: 0036-8733.
Notes: Published by Munn & Company, New York, New York.
Location: CtY, DLC, MB, MH. 
Abstract: “Our engravings represent a typical Egyptian lock and the mechanism for working it. …   The lock consists of two parts, the staple or locking device and the bolt proper, which slides back and forth, securing the door to the door jamb. … The key consists of a block of wood in which a number of small iron pins, three, four, five or more in number, are secured. This key is thrust into a recess in the bolt, the rear wall of the recess limiting the lateral distance which the key can traverse. The key is raised and the iron pins pass through holes bored in the bolt and raise the pins of the locking device to a height which prevents them from interfering with the lateral motion of the bolt, so that if the right key is slipped in, the bolt can be moved forward and backward at will. The pins are provided with heads which prevent them from entirely slipping through the locking device and the bolt. The heads of the pins rise and fall in special channels provided for them. The pins in the key are all of the same height, and the pins, or pin-tumblers, as we may term them, for the locking device are also of the same height. By the insertion of a larger number of pins, and by arranging them irregularly in the locking device, the difficulty of picking the lock is increased.   …….
The most remarkable development of the pin lock is, however, what is known as the ‘Yale lock,’ which is an example of how the inventive American can take a crude idea and make a remarkable invention from it. Linus Yale, Jr., who died in 1868, invented the Yale lock in the early sixties,   ……. .   Scientific American, p. 155.
  42. — “‘Rock Spring,’ A residence at Stamford, Conn.” Scientific American. Building Edition. 1898 Feb; Vol. 25 (No. 2) pp. 19, 26, 27, 34; ISSN: 1049-1082.
Notes: Published by Munn & Company, New York, New York.       Includes plans of the first and second floors, as well as two interior and two exterior photographs.
Location: CtB, CtH, CtNh, CtSoP, CtY, KyU, MB, MH, NSyU, WaU
Scientific American. Building edition 1895-1901.
Abstract: “We present on pages 19, 26 and 27, in this issue, some excellent views of the exterior and interior, together with plans of “Rock Spring,” the home of James L. Raymond, Esq., at Strawberry Hill, Stamford, Conn. The building is situated in a most attractive spot, surrounded with spacious lawns well studded with trees, and rose gardens at the west end of house leading to the conservatories. The design is treated and executed in a very handsome manner. It is constructed of rock faced granite, with red sandstone trimmings. The shingle work at second story is painted a light gray color. The roof is covered with red tile. Dimensions: Front 57 ft.: side, 85 ft., not including porch. Height of ceilings: Cellar, 7 ft., 6 in.; first story, 10 ft. 6 in.: second, 9 ft 6 in.: third, 9 ft. The main hall, running through the centre of house, is a very handsome apartment, and is treated in an elegant manner. It is trimmed with quartered oak, and it has a paneled wainscoting and massive ceiling beams, and also a parquet floor. The grand staircase, with broad landings, is fitted up in a most artistic manner with carved newel post and a balustrade of rich design. The chandelier, worked out of wrought iron, is suspended from the ceiling of second floor through the well hole to first story. Beneath this staircase is located the toilet, which is fitted up in a first-class manner. The fireplace is a very broad one, with stone facings, tiled hearth, and a mantel with columns extending to ceiling. The drawing-room is trimmed with white cherry, and it has a parquet floor and an open fireplace, furnished with tiled hearth and facings, and a mantel of excellent and special design. The library is trimmed with oak, and it has a hardwood floor, bookcases built in, and an open fireplace with tiled hearth and facings, brass trimmings, and mantel. The sitting-room is devoted entirely to Japanese decoration and furnishings; walls and ceiling are treated in a most unique manner, and it contains some very fine specimens in Japanese work, and many other curios of artistic value (Mr. Raymond is the proprietor of “Vantine & Co.,” of Broadway, New York); the woodwork is of red cherry. The dining-room is trimmed with oak. It has a paneled wainscoting five feet in height, and heavy ceiling beams. The fireplace, of broad dimensions, is built of brick and furnished with a tiled hearth, wrought iron trimmings and a massive mantel; on either side of this fireplace are china closets built in, with leaded glass doors. Opposite this fireplace is the buffet, built in, and carved in a handsome manner. Here is also a small conservatory attached to dining-room, and in winter the main plaza is enclosed and used as a “palm garden.” The kitchen is most perfect in its location, and one of the principal features is, that windows are placed on either side, providing a current of air, and thereby making it very cool in summer. This kitchen, laundry, and other apartments are wainscoted and furnished with the best modern fixtures. The butler’s pantry is furnished with bowl and china closets, etc. The rear hall, with outside entrance, contains the stairs from cellar to third floor. The second floor contains five bedrooms, den, open halls, large closets and two bathrooms. The bedroom over drawing-room is treated with ivory white and gold. The remaining rooms are trimmed with cherry. The fireplaces have tiled trimmings, and mantel to correspond with trim. The bathrooms are wainscoted and furnished with porcelain fixtures and exposed plumbing. The servant rooms and trunk rooms are on third floor. Cemented cellar contains furnace and other necessary apartments. Messrs. Lamb & Rich, Architects, Nassau Street, New York. 

Our engravings were made direct from photographs of the building, taken specially for the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.”     Scientific American. Building Edition, p. 34.
  43. Murray, Amelia M. (Amelia Matilda). Letters from the United States, Cuba, and Canada. New York, New York: G. P. Putnam & Company; 1856; 410 pp., 19 cm. 
Notes: Includes a reference to the Rev. E. B. Huntington, of Stamford, Connecticut.
On title page: Two volumes complete in one.   London edition, 1856, published in 2 vols.       Reprinted by Negro Universities Press, New York, New York, 1969.
Location: Ct, CtHT, CtSHi, CtU, CtY, MH, MWA, NNC.      Sabin (No. 51486). 
Abstract: “Wednesday, August 29, (1855). An excellent lecture was given [at the Educational Convention, New York, New York] by the Rev. E. B. Huntington, principal of the public school, Stamford, Connecticut, on ‘Mental and Physical Activity.’ In the evening the Rev. F. B. Huntington, Professor of Moral Philosophy at Cambridge University, made a most original and striking address on ‘Unconscious Tuition;'” Amelia M. Murray, p. 371
  44. Mutrux, Robert. Great New England churches : 65 houses of worship that changed our lives. Chester, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press; 1982; xvii, 262 pp., illus., bibliography, index, paper covers, 31 cm. ISBN: 0-87106-950-4.
Notes: Title page reads: “GREAT / NEW ENGLAND / CHURCHES / 65 Houses of Worship that Changed our Lives / [printers’ ornament] / Robert Mutrux, A.I.A. / The / Globe / Pequot / Press / Chester, Connecticut 06412″
Half title reads: “Great New England Churches / 65 Houses of Worship that Changed our Lives”
For references to St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Church, 566 Elm Street and First Presbyterian Church, 1101 Bedford Street, both in Stamford, Connecticut, see: pp. 192-194, 198-201.
Location: AAP, ArU, AzTeS, AzU, CoDI, CtAv, CtChh, CtDar, CtDer, CtEhar, CtEly, CtFaU, CtGl, CtGre, CtGu, CtHC, CtM, CtMer, CtMil, CtNb, CtS, CtSthi, CtSu, CtWal, CtWhar, CtWillE, CtWilt, CtY, CU, DLC, FU, I, IaAS, IC, ICU, IdU, InNd, KyLoS, KyU, LNT, LU, M, Me, MeBa, MCM, MH, MiYEM, MnCS, MnM, MnU, MoKU, MoS, MoSW, MU, NBu, NbU, NcRS, NcU, NEAuC, NhD, NIC, NjP, NjPT, NN, NNC, NNG, NNR, NNU, NSyU, OKentU, OrU, OU, PPiC, TxU, VtU, WaU, WHi.
Includes days and hours of worship services, seating capacity, days and hours open to visitors, telephone numbers, construction costs, driving directions and name of architect.

© 2012 Stamford Historical Society, Inc.


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